BOOSTOPEDIA

BOOSTOPEDIA is a comprehensive compilation of the most commonly used acronyms in the in and out-of-school time sectors.

 

Interested in adding a term or acronym? Email [email protected]

21st CCLC 21st Century Community Learning Center
AB Assembly Bill
ADA Average Daily Attendance
ADD Attention Deficit Disorder
ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
AO 400 CDE Code for ASES/21st CCLC grant award letter
API Academic Performance Index
APR Annual Performance Review
ASD After School Division
ASES After School Education and Safety
ASL American Sign Language
ASP After School Program
ASPO After School Programs Office
ASSETS 21st Century High School After School Safety and Enrichment for Teens
ASSIST After School Support and Information System
AVID Advancement Via Individual Determination
AYI Adequate Yearly Progress
AYP Adequate Yearly Progress
BASP Before & After School Program (CPM Instrument specific to after school)
BTSA Beginning Teacher Support and Assessment
CACFP Child and Adult Care Food Program
CAHSEE California High School Exit Exam
CAIS California Accountability and Improvement System
CAPA California Alternate Performance Assessment (part of STAR)
CASP Comprehensive Assessment of Summer Programs
CAT 6 California Achievement Test, 6th Edition (part of STAR)
CBEDS California Basic Educational Data System
CBO Community Based Organization
CCNSP Community Child Nutrition Snack Project
CCSESA California County Superintendents Educational Services Association
CCSS Common Core State Standards
CELDT California English Language Development Test
CHKS California Healthy Kids Survey
CIS Curriculum Instructional Services
CISC Curriculum and Instruction Steering Committee
COE County Office of Education
CPM Categorical Program Monitoring
CRESST Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing
CST California Standardized Test (part of STAR)
CTAP California Technology Assistance Project
DAIT District Assistance and Intervention Team
DARE Drug Abuse Resistance Education
EC Education Code
ELAC English Language Acquisition Committee
ELD English Language Development
ELL English Language Learners
ESY Extended School Year
FAQ Frequently Asked Questions
FPM Federal Program Monitoring
FTE Full-Time Equivalent
LEA Local Educational Agency (School District or County Office of Education)
MEP Migrant Education Program
MOU Memorandum of Understanding
NCLB No Child Left Behind (legislation passed in 2001)
NSLP National School Lunch Program
OPSET Ongoing Program Self-Evaluation CPM Tool
OST Out-of-School Time
PI Program Improvement
POS Point of Service
PPICS Profile and Performance Information Collection System
PTA Parent Teacher Association
PTO Parent Teacher Organization
PTSA Parent Teacher Student Association
PTSO Parent Teacher Student Organization
PYD Positive Youth Development -OR- Principles of Youth Development
QSAR Quality Self Assessment Rubric
QSAT Quality Self Assessment Tool
RFA Request for Application
RFP Request for Proposal
RFQ Request for Qualifications
RSDSS Regional System of District and School Support (RSDSS)
SAIT School Assistance and Intervention Team
SARB School Attendance Review Board
SB Senate Bill
SBE State Board of Education
SCA State Constitutional Amendment
SE Special Education
SEDL Southwest Education Development Laboratory
SEL Social Emotional Learning
SES Supplemental Educational Services
SFSP Summer Food Service Program
SPSA Single Plan for Student Achievement
STAR Standardized Testing and Reporting System
TA Technical Assistance
TAPE Technical Assistance for Program Effectiveness
TAPP Technical Assistance Priority Plan
TITLE I Title I is the largest federal education funding program for schools. Its aim is to help students who are behind academically or at risk of falling behind. School funding is based on the number of low-income children, generally those eligible for the free and reduced price lunch program. Many of the major requirements in the No Child Left Behind federal law are outlined in Title I – Adequate Yearly Progress, teacher and paraprofessional standards, accountability, sanctions for schools designated for improvement, standards and assessments, annual state report cards, professional development and parent involvement. Title I used to be known as Chapter I.
TUPE Tobacco-Use Prevention Education Program- The TUPE program provides funding from Prop 99 tobacco tax dollars for tobacco prevention education in grades 4- 12. Funding through an application process for tobacco-specific student instruction, reinforcement activities, special events, intervention, and cessation programs for students.
4C’s
Community Child Care Council
AAF
Accreditation Association Funds
ACCF
Affordable Child Care Fund, aka Child Care Capital Fund
ACF
Administration for Children and Families (Federal)
ADD
Attention Deficit Disorder
ADHD
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
AEYC
Association for the Education of Young Children
AFDC
Aid to Families with Dependent Children (this program has been replaced by TANF)
AMI
Area Median Income
AMS
American Montessori Society
AOK
All Our Kids Network
APE
Adaptive Physical Education
API
Academic Performance Index
APP
Alternative Payment Program
BAS
Business Administration Scale
BHCS
Behavioral Health Care Services Agency
CAC
Child Abuse Council
CAC
Citizen’s Advisory Council of the SF Children’s Fund
CACFP
Child and Adult Care Food Program
Cal-WORKs
California Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids (state name for TANF)
Cal-SAFE
California School Age Families Education
CANRA
Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting Act
CAPPA
California Alternative Payment Program Association
CARES
Comprehensive Approaches to Raising Educational Standards (formerly known as Compensation and Retention Encourage Stability)
CBO
Community Based Organization
CBP
California Budget Project
CCA
Child Care Aware
CCAP
Child Care Assistance Program
CCCCA
California Child Care Coordinator’s Association
CCCR &R
California Child Care Resource and Referral Network (often referred to as “the Network” or the “R and R Network”)
CCDAA
California Child Development Administrators Association
CCDBG
Child Care and Development Block Grant
CCDF
Child Care and Development Fund
CCFF
Child Care Facilities Fund
CCHP
California Child Care Health Program
CCICP
Child Care Inclusion Challenge Project
CCIP
Child Care Initiative Project
CCIT
Creative Curriculum for Infants, Toddlers, and Twos
CCL
Community Care Licensing
CCLC
Child Care Law Center
CCP
Child Care Professional Credential
CCRR
Child Care Resource and Referral
CD
Child Development
CDA
Child Development Associate Credential
CDC
Child Development Center
CDC
Child Development Consortium
CEL
Centralized Eligibility List
CPS
Child Protective Services
CCR&R
Child Care Resource & Referral
CSOC
Children’s System of Care
CTC
Commission on Teacher Credentialing
CWS
Child Welfare Services
CYP
Child and Youth Programs
DCFS
Department of Children and Family Services
DMH
Division of Mental Health
EC
Early Childhood
ECC
Early Childhood Coalition
ECC
Every Child Counts
ECE
Early Care and Education
ECE
Early Childhood Education
ECERS
Early Childhood Environmental Rating Scales (also known as Harms Scales)
ECMH
Childhood Mental Health
EHS
Early Head Start
EIR
Economic Impact Report
ELL
English Language Learners (previously known as LEP- Limited English Proficient)
ELOA
Early Learning Opportunities Act
ELS
Early Learing Standards
ERIC
Educational Resources Information Center
FAPE
Free Appropriate Public Education
FCC
Family Child Care
FCCP
Family Child Care Providers
FERPA
Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act
FRA
Family Resource Associate
FY
Fiscal Year
HHS
Health and Human Services
HS
Head Start
IFSP
Individualized Family Service Plans
ITC
Infant Toddler Credential
ITCCS
Infant Toddler Child Care Specialist
ITERS
Infant Toddler Environment Rating Scale
LCSW
Licensed Clinical Social Worker
LD
Learning Disabled
LE
License-Exempt
MACTE
Montessori Accreditation Council for Teacher Education
MDC
Multi-Disciplinary Conference
MHC
Mental Health Consultants
NAC
National Accreditation Commission for Early Care and Education Program
NACCRRA
National Association of Child Care Resource & Referral Agencies
NAEYC
National Association for the Education of Young Children
NAFCC
National Association for Family Child Care
NCCIC
National Child Care Information Center
NCLB
No Child Left Behind
ODD
Oppositional Defiance Disorder
PAT
Parents as Teachers
PD
Professional Development
PEP
Preschool Education Project
PFA
Preschool for All
PHP
Parents Helping Parents
PROV
Child Care Provider
QRS
Quality Rating Scale
RFA
Request for Application
SACERS
School-Age Care Environment Rating Scale
SED
Seriously Emotionally Disturbed
TANF
Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (Federal name for CalWORKs)
Title V
California Education Code governing most state-funded child care programs
Title 22
California Health and Safety code governing licensing of child care programs
ABA Applied Behavioral Analysis
AAA Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
AAAC The Academic Achievement and Accountability Commission
AAADD Age Activated Attention Deficit Disorder
ABN Advanced Beneficiary Notice
ACEP Approved Continuing Education Provider
ACP Address Confidentiality Program
ACS Approved Clinical Supervisor
ADAA Anxiety Disorders Association of America
ADAM Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring Program
ADP Average Daily Population
AIA An Alcohol Impact Area
AKOM All Kinds of Minds
ASD Autism Spectrum Disorder
ATR Art Therapist Registered
AUDIT Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test
AWP Any Willing Provider
AYP Adequate Yearly Progress
BAI Beck Anxiety Index
BARS Barnes Akathisia Rating Scale
BDD Body Dysmorphic Disorder
BGLQT Bisexuals, Gays, Lesbians, Questioning, and Transsexuals
BHMCO Behavioral Health Managed Care Organization
BIP Behavioral Intervention Plan
BIQ Background Investigation Questionnaire
BPD Borderline Personality Disorder
BSE Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
BSFT Brief Structural Family Therapy
CAD Coronary Artery Disease
C-ACYSW Certified Advanced Children, Youth, and Family Social Worker
CAM Complementary and Alternative Medicine
CCTP Certified Clinical Trauma Professional
CD Chemical Dependency
CEAP Certified Employee Assistance Program
CERT Cognitive Emotional Restructuring Therapy
CME Continuing Medical Education
CNS Central Nervous System
CoDA Co-Dependence Anonymous
CSAAS Child Sexual Abuse Accommodation Syndrome
CUSSN Computer Use in Social Services Network
CVCP Crime Victim Compensation Program
DAP Data Assessment and Plan
DCH Defendant’s Case History
DESNOS Disorder of Extreme Stress Not Otherwise Specified
DICA Diagnostic Inventory for Children and Adolescents
DOSA Drug Offender Sentencing Alternative
DP Deferred Prosecution
DRA Dual Recovery Anonymous
DSH Deliberate Self-Harm
EAA Eating Addictions Anonymous
EBP Evidence Based Practice
EI Emotional Intelligence
EIA Enzyme Immuno Assay
ETR Exception to Rule
FAFSA Free Application for Federal Student Aid
FH+ With a Family History of a Particular Problem
FH- Without a Family History of a Particular Problem
FOO Family of Origin
FPL Federal Poverty Level
FSAD Female Sexual Arousal Disorder
FSD Female Sexual Dysfunction
GAD Generalized Anxiety Disorder
GAIN Global Appraisal of Individual Needs
GAM Gay Asian Men
HBLU Healing from the Body Level Up
HFA High Functioning Alcoholics
HIDTA High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area
HSAD Hypoactive Sexual Arousal Disorder
IDU Injection Drug User
IED Intermittent Explosive Disorder
IPSAT In Prison Substance Abuse Treatment
IRRT Imagery Re-Scripting and Reprocessing Therapy
JIS Judicial Information System
LOC Level of Care
MAOI Monoamine Oxidize Inhibitors
MDD Major Depressive Disorder
MHF Mental Health Facilitators
MMT Methadone Maintenance Treatment
MPD Multiple Personality Disorder (now the preferred term is DID.)
MVA Motor Vehicle Accident
MYOB Mind Your Own Business
NGO Non-Governmental Organization
OST Opiate Substitution Treatment
OT Occupational Therapist
OTC Over the Counter
OTM Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment
OTP Opioid Treatment Program
OTR Occupational Therapist Registered
OTR/L Occupational Therapist Licensed
PHI Protected Health Information or Protected Healthcare Information
PPD Postpartum Depression
PPMD Pregnancy and Postpartum Mood Disorder
REBT Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy
RET Rational-Emotive Therapy
RIBA Recombinant Immunoblot Assay
SGSE Same-Gender-Spousal-Equivalent
SI Suicidal Ideation
SIARI Self Injury and Related Issues “(a.k.a self-harm, self-mutilation, self-abuse, self-inflicted violence, self-injury, and cutting)”
SIG Special Interest Group
SMI Serious Mental Illness
TPA Third Party Administrators
TPO Treatment, Payment or Health-Care Operations
VT Vicarious Traumatization
WSW Women Who Have Sex with Women

 

Cocaine/Crack Common Names: angel powder, baby, base, blast, blow, Big C, candy cane, charlie, crack, coke, cola, divits, dust, flake, freebase, lady, nose candy, pebbles, powder, ringer, rock, rails, snow, snowbirds, toot, white, yahoo, yeyo
Synopsis: Cocaine is a drug obtained from the leaves of a coca plant. It is very potent and highly addictive. Cocaine can be found in a white crystalline powder or as “crack”, or cocaine processed with baking soda and ammonia, which results in chunks or rocks and can be smoked. Cocaine produces a euphoric effect coupled with hyper-sensitivity and increased clarity. The high from cocaine may last 15 to 30 minutes while the high from crack lasts about 10 minutes. Followed by this intense high is just as intense of a crash and the user becomes irritable, depressed, and anxious. Using cocaine over time can incite extreme paranoia. Cocaine use can result in heart disease, heart attacks, respiratory failure, seizures, or death.

 

Related Terms Definition
Base House Place for smoking freebase cocaine or crack
Base Pipe Pipe for smoking freebase cocaine or crack
Baseball Freebase cocaine
Coke Bugs Hallucination after using cocaine which creates the illusion of bugs burrowing under the skin
Coke Crash The crash after a coke high, which results in depression, irritability, and fatigue
Cork the Air To inhale cocaine
Fluff Filtering heroin or cocaine through cloth to increase its apparent bulk
Freebase Smoking cocaine from a special water pipe
Snort To inhale cocaine through the nostrils
Snow Bird Someone who is dependent on cocaine
Speedball Injection of heroin and cocaine mixture
Toot To sniff cocaine
Ecstasy

 

Common Names: beans, dolphins, E’s, love drug, hug drug, pills, pokeballs, rolexes, rolls, Scooby snacks speed for lovers, XTC, X

 

Common “Brand Names”: Armanis, Batmans, Blue Nikes, Buddhas, Butterflies,Ferraris, Mercedes, Mitsubishis, Playboys, Red Devils, Supermans, White Diamonds, X-Files, Yin Yangs, etc.

 

Synopsis: MDMA or Ecstasy is a synthetic drug with hallucinogenic properties, classified as a stimulant. It comes from a tablet and is usually “branded” with names like Playboy bunnies, Nike swoosh, etc. Ecstasy isusually taken at “raves,” clubs or other parties to enhance mood and perceptions. Ecstasy is known to produce incredibly pleasurable effects, such as self-confidence, acceptance, feelings of closeness, and desire to touch others. However, this high can lead to severe dehydration and hyperthermia or increases in body temperature. Usage can cause muscle breakdown and kidney, liver, or cardiovascular failure. It can also cause anxiety, sleep-deprivation, and depression. Ecstasy can damage cells that produce serotonin which regulate mood, appetite, etc and thus can create emotional problems and learning disorders. Research has also shown effects on memory.

 

Related Terms Definition
Candy Flipping Using LSD with ecstasy
Elephant Flipping Using PCP with ecstasy
E-tard Person who uses a great deal of ecstasy; a burnout
Flower Flipping/Hippy Flipping Using mushrooms with ecstasy
 nbsp;
Heroin Common Names: Aries, Big H, brown, brown sugar, dope, gear, golden girls, H, Harry Jones, horse, junk, poison, scat, skag, smack, sweet dreams, tar, train

 

Synopsis: Heroin is derived from morphine, obtained from the opium poppy, and is highly addictive. Heroin is classified as a “downer” or depressant and as such interferes with the brain’s ability to perceive pain. It can be white to dark brown powder or a tar-like substance. Heroin can be injected into a vein, called mainlining, injected into a muscle, smoked in a pipe, mixed with marijuana or tobacco, inhaled as smoke, or snorted. Heroin creates a euphoric high and then an alternately wakeful and drowsy state. Over time, using can lead to collapsed veins, infection of the heart lining and valves, liver disease, clogged blood vessels, and eventually death.
Related Terms Definition
Back to Back Smoking crack after injecting heroin or heroin used after smoking crack
Back-up Permitting blood to back up into a syringe to ensure the needle is in a vein
Bombita A mixture of cocaine and heroin
Chasing the Dragon A particular way of inhaling heroin
Cheese A hazardous mix of black tar heroin and Tylenol PM (or other medicines containing diphenhydramine). It looks like grated parmesan cheese – thus the name.
China White A very pure white heroin
Cook To heat heroin with water to prepare it for injection
Cotton Shooter A desperate addict who injects the residue from cotton used to filter heroin
Dime’s Worth The amount of heroin to cause death
Evening The onset of a heroin withdrawal
Give Wings Inject someone or teach someone to inject heroin
Half Load 15 bags (decks) of heroin
Hong-yen Heroin in pill form
Night Time A heroin withdrawal
Nixon Low potency heroin
Super Flu Heroin withdrawal symptoms
Inhalants Common Names: Amyl Nitrate – ames, amys, boppers, peals, poppers; Isobutyl Nitrate – aroma of men, bullet, bolt, climax, hardware, locker room, poppers, quicksilver, rush, snappers, thrust; Nitrous Oxide – bomb, buzz, hippie crack, laughing gas, whippets
Synopsis: Inhalants are ordinary products that are inhaled by a person to get high. This could be glue, nail polish remover, cleaner fluids, hair spray, aerosol cans, Freon, etc. Inhalants are sniffed, bagged (fumes inhaled from a plastic bag), or huffed (an inhalant-soaked rag in the mouth). The effects are similar to being intoxicated by alcohol such as slurred speech, uncoordinated movements, and delirium. Users might experience hallucinations, nausea, or vomiting. Long-term symptoms are weight loss, muscle weakness, inattentiveness, irritability, and depression. Since effects last a few minutes, inhalers will continue huffing for hours which can result in unconsciousness and potentially death.

 

Related Terms Definition
Air Blast An inhalant
Bagging Using an inhalant
Cracker Tool used to open a canister of nitrous oxide
Glading Using an inhalant
Huffing Soaking a rag, sock, or toilet paper in inhalant fluid and inhaling with the device over the mouth.
LSD Common Names: acid, blaze, blotter, cheer, cubes, dose, dots, drop, flash, fry, gel, hawk, Kool-Aid, L, lightening, liquid acid, Lucy, microdots, paper mushrooms, purple haze, pyramid, smilies, stars, rainbows, tab, trips

 

Synopsis: LSD is manufactured from lysergic acid and is a strong hallucinogenic. It is usually put on “blotter” paper, or paper that is perforated into small squares for absorption on the tongue. The small squares are called tabs and can be decorated (“blotter art”). It can also come in liquid form or in sugar cubes or thin squares of gelatin. The liquid and gelatin can be absorbed through the eyes. The effects of LSD depend on the user’s mood, environment, and expectations before taking the drug. Users frequently encounter “bad trips” or an un-relieving horrifying experience where the user experiences pain or anxiety. Many people report an altered sense of time and self as well as altered sensations such as feeling or hearing colors and seeing sounds. Some users experience flashbacks or a recurrence of their experience on LSD that is unprompted and unexpected. This can happen even to one-time users or months after LSD was taken. It is not categorically an addictive substance since it doesn’t produce the same obsessive seeking as do other drugs like heroin or cocaine. Long-term effects include psychosis, HPPD (Hallucinogen Persisting Perception Disorder), panic and anxiety, and other emotion-altering defects.
Related Terms Definition
Acid Cube Sugar cube containing LSD
Acid Head LSD user
Blotter Art LSD blotter art or Vanity blotter art are terms for the artwork that LSD is dropped onto. The artwork is printed onto blotter paper and then perforated into tiny squares or stamps which can be torn apart.
Blotter Paper The paper that a liquid solution of LSD is dropped onto, which commonly is perforated into individual doses and artfully decorated also known as blotter art.
Come Home To end a trip on LSD
Tabs A tab is one of the common ways that LSD is ingested for use. The paper is soaked in LSD and then perforated into squares, supposed to regulate dosage. However, it is very difficult to tell the amount of LSD until it is ingested.
Trip To be high on LSD
Yen Sleep Restless, drowsy state after LSD use
Marijuana Common Names: Aunt Mary, bud, chiva, chronic, dojo, doobie, dope, gage, ganja, grass, herb, kush, MJ, Mary Jane, mota, pot, reefer, skunk, weed
Synopsis: Marijuana is the most often used illegal drug in American and is derived from the hemp plant Cannabis sativa. THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) is the main active chemical that affects the body by reducing pain sensations. It is a green or gray mixture of dried leaves usually rolled into a joint, or marijuana cigarette. It can also be smoked in a water pipe, mixed in with food, or brewed as tea.  The effects of marijuana include memory loss, difficulty with thinking and problem solving, distorted perceptions, and anxiety attacks. Long-term effects include chest illnesses, lung infections, and increased chances of cancer.
Related Terms Definition
A-bomb Marijuana and heroin smoked in a cigarette
Ace A marijuana cigarette
Alice B. Toklas A marijuana brownie
Amp Joint Marijuana cigarette laced with some form of narcotic
Aquatic Water-grown marijuana
B/Blunt A joint rolled in the tobacco-leaf paper of a cigar or cigarette
Baked To be high on marijuana
Bale A compressed brick of marijuana, usually ranging in weight from 10 to 40 pounds
Beat Term used to describe a finished bowl or joint
Biffda A large joint.
Blazed To be high on marijuana
Blitted To be very high on marijuana
Bong A large pipe containing water to cool the smoke, usually made out of bamboo, glass or acrylic
Bowl The part of a pipe, bong, or similar smoking device which holds the marijuana to be smoked
Brick A kilogram-sized slab or cube of compressed pot
Bud Slang term for marijuana. The fresh/dried flowers of the Canabis plant
Chief/Chiefin’/Chief Out Slang term meaning to smoke a lot of weed. Refers to the image of a Native American chief puffin’ on the old peace pipe.
Chronic Used to describe high quality marijuana or marijuana laced with cocaine.
Clambake A pot smoking session that takes place in a small, closed, confined space so that the smokers may increase their high by breathing secondhand smoke; a hotboxing session.
Cocktail A joint made with tobacco and marijuana combined.
Cocoa Puffs Marijuana laced with cocaine.
Colombian The most common type of marijuana on the black market.
Crip/Crippy Potent, hydroponically grown marijuana with white crystals on top.
Dank Used to describe high quality weed.
Dime A ten-dollar bag of marijuana.
Dub Slang for a $20 bag of marijuana.
Elbow A pound of mairjuana.
Gold Yellow marijuana from Acapulco in Mexico or Santa Marta Department in Colombia
Hash/Hashish Smoking mixture that regionally varies, generally based primarily on resin from substandard Middle Eastern or Indian marijuana.
Hemp Cannabis stalks and stems, especially those used to make rope, fabrics, etc.
Henry One eighth ounce of weed. Derived from Henry the Eighth.
Hit A single inhalation of smoke taken from a joint or smoking device; a drag; puff.
Hotbox To smoke marijuana in a small, confined space so as to take advantage of secondhand smoke for an increased high.
Hydro/Hydroponic Marijuana grown in a controlled, optimized enviroment including automatic irrigation systems, regulated climate, the best fertilizer and other such amenities. Consequently, the yielded product is extremely potent.
Jamaican Seed A quarter-sized seed of a special marijuana that can be smoked and is very potent.
Joint/ Jay/ J Marijuana rolled into paper in the same way a cigarette is.
Kind Of exceptional quality, referring to marijuana; dank.
Munchies The intense hunger that comes after smoking marijuana.
Nickel Bag Five dollars worth of pot, or any other street intoxicant.
Nug A bud from a marijuana plant. Often used to refer to the separate cohesive pieces of weed in a bag of marijuana; short for “nugget.”
Oh-Ze One ounce of pot.
Oil The purified and concentrated resin from hashish or marijuana.
One-Hitter A small pipe with a bowl that holds only one hit.
Pinner A very skinny joint that doesn’t get a smoker high.
Purple Haze A type of marijuana with veins of purple originating in Jamaica.
Stoned To be high on marijuana
Toke To inhale the smoke into your lungs
ZigZags One of the more popularly used papers to roll joints.
Methamphetaminse (Meth) Common Names: amp, chalk, crank, crystal, crystal meth, Christina, glass, ice, P’s, speed, spoosh, tick-tick, Tina, yaba, yellow powder
Synopsis: Methamphetamine (Meth) is an addictive stimulant that can come as a crystal-like powdered substance or in large chunks and is white or slightly yellow, depending on the purity. Users can take meth orally, inject, snort, or smoke it. Meth creates a rush or a high that last about a few minutes followed usually by a state of agitation and anxiety. The effects of meth are insomnia, decreased appetite, nervousness, and sometimes convulsions and heart attack. Some users abuse meth as a weight-loss measure. Many users become paranoid and develop compulsive behaviors. Another effect of meth is “formication,” in which the user hallucinates that bugs or parasites are crawling under the skin and so obsessively scratch at it. It has been reported that some users who experience formication can even scratch their skin off. Long-term usage can lead to psychosis, strokes, and death.
OxyContin Common Names: Hillbilly heroin, killers, O.C.’s, oxy, oxycet, oxycottons
Synopsis: OxyContin or oxycodone hydrochloride is a prescription-only pain reliever. It releases the medicine over a longer period of time and is supposed to be taken every 12 hours by prescribed patients. Users remove the coating that time-releases the drug to create an instant rush similar to heroin. Some effects are constipation, nausea, vomiting, headache, mood changes, decreased appetite, and slowed breathing. This difficulty breathing can sometimes lead to death. It is an addictive substance and requires a larger dose to achieve the previous high. Long term use can lead to painful withdrawal symptoms, cardiovascular damage, and altered brain chemistry that results in volatile mood swings.
Related Terms Definition
Jammed Under the influence of OxyContin
Phencyclidine (PCP) Common Names: amp, angel dust, elephant, embalming fluid, hog, juice, killer weed, kools sherms, loveboat, lovely, ozone, peace pills, rocket fuel, supergrass, wack, wet daddies, zoom
Synopsis: PCP was developed in the 1950s as an anesthetic. The use of PCP in humans stopped in 1965 due to agitation and delusion found in patients under its influence. At a low does, PCP affects the body much like alcohol intoxication. Higher doses create a feeling of being “out of body” and detached from the surroundings. A high dose can also produce symptoms of schizophrenia such as paranoia and catatonia (loss of motor skills, repetitive talk, an apathetic state). Effects of PCP use are constant sweating, numbness of limbs, interference with normal growth (in adolescents), seizures, coma, and even death. PCP users in high doses can become suicidal and violent. Long-term effects are compulsive use, memory loss, difficulty speaking or thinking, depression, and other mood disorders.
Psilocybin/Psilocyn (Mushrooms) Common Names: Alice, amoeba, boomers, buttons, caps, cubes, liberty caps, little smoke, magics, magic mushrooms, mushies, sherm, shrooms, silly putty, tweezes
Synopsis: Psilocybin and Psilocyn, more popularly known as mushrooms or shrooms are hallucinogenic when ingested. They look like dried mushrooms and can be eaten or brewed in tea. Mushrooms create a feeling of distortion and altered perceptions of the five senses. The high is due to a loosening of the conscious mind by the drug and thus erasing normal filters between cognition and the outside world. Users can also experience a “bad trip” or nervousness and paranoia with anxiety about insanity and death. Like LSD, this depends on the priming of the situation, or the mood and surroundings of the user. Some users experience flashbacks or HPPD (hallucinogen persisting perception disorder), or recurring hallucinations when not on the drug. Short-term effects include cramping, nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting. This is because a fungus is being ingested and so effects are much like those of food poisoning.  Some long-term effects include memory loss, anxiousness, and depression.
Ritalin Common Names: West Coast, Vitamin R
Synopsis: Ritalin, or methylphenidate, is prescribed to children with ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) and can also be prescribed for narcolepsy. It has a calming and focusing effect when taken. Because it is a stimulant, it has been abused and can cause nervousness, insomnia, decreased appetite, vomiting, headaches, weight loss, and severe depression upon withdrawal. Long-term use can cause irregular respiration, paranoia, delusions, and sometimes formication. It can also lead to an obsessive dependence on the drug, malnourishment, psychosis, and damage to the brain. However, Ritalin can be a positive prescription drug for those who use it under the guidance of a doctor.
General Drug Terms Definitions
Abe $5 worth of a drug
Agonies Withdrawal symptoms
Amped-Out Accelerated heartbeat
Bag Package of drugs, usually the standard amount for sale
Balloon Small amount of contained narcotics
Barbituates Drugs that are depressants on the central nervous system. This can result in mild sedation or total anesthesia.
Big Man A supplier of drugs
Blackout Amnesia for events occurring while heavily intoxicated
Booze Slang for alcohol (beer, wine, liquor)
Bread Money
Bummer A bad experience with drugs
Bundle Multiple bags of a drug
Burnout Heavy user of drugs
Candyman A supplier of drugs
Chipping Occasional use of drugs
Chippy Person who uses drugs infrequently
Clean Drug free or not in possession of drugs
Coasting Being high on drugs
Come Down The ending of a drug experience
Cooker Usually a spoon or bottle cap used to heat drugs for injection
Cop To obtain drugs
Cut To adulterate drugs
Dealer Someone who sells illegal drugs
Deck A packet of drugs
Downers Depressants
Dried Out Having gone through a withdrawal program for drugs or alcohol
Drop To take a drug orally; a place where money or drugs are left
Dusting Sprinkling a narcotic powder on another drug such as PCP on marijuana
Dynamite High quality, potent drugs
Fix An injection of drugs
Flashback Recurrence of previous hallucinations
Flip out To become psychotic or irrational
Flying Under the influence of drugs
Formication A medical term for the sensation under heavy drug use in which the user experiences insects crawling under the skin. It can cause itchiness, tingling, burning, or pain. Many users will scratch incessantly to get rid of this sensation.
Freeze To back out of a drug transaction
Front To put money out before receiving drugs
Fuzz The police
Hard Stuff Narcotics
Head Someone who uses drugs frequently
Head Shop Store specializing in the sale of drug paraphernalia
Holding In possession of drugs
Hot Wanted by the authorities
Hot Shot A fatal injection of drugs
Huffer A glue sniffer, or an inhalant user
Hustle Attempt to obtain drug customers
Loaded To be high on drugs or alcohol
Mainline To inject a drug directly into a vein, to “shoot up”
Mule A carrier of drugs
Papers Rolling papers, used to make marijuana or tobacco cigarettes
Paraphernalia Accessories used to take drugs
Pharming Consuming a mixture of prescription drugs
Piece Usually one ounce of drugs
Plant A hiding place for drugs
Rig Paraphernalia for injecting drugs
Script Writer A doctor willing to write a prescription for illicit drug use
Speed Amphetamines
Spike Needle used to inject drugs
Stash A place where drugs are hidden
Straight Not using drugs
Stuff Another term for drugs
Taste A small sample of drugs
Tracks A row of needle marks on the skin
Trap A hiding place for drugs
Trip Under the influence of drugs
Turf A location where drugs are sold
Turned On Introduced to drugs, or under the influence of drugs
Uncle Federal agents
Uppers Stimulants, Amphetamines
Vallies Tranquilizers
Zonked Extremely high on drugs

 

21st CCLC 21st Century Community Learning Centers; programs that provide learning activities during non-school hours through school- and community-based academic and youth development programs
ABA Applied Behavior Analysis
ACCESS Assessing Comprehension and Communication in English State-to-State; an English language assessment for English language learners tied to the state’s language proficiency standards
ACRE Accountability and Curriculum Revision Effort
ACT American College Test
ADA Americans with Disabilities Act; the federal law that outlines requirements for individuals with disabilities in the workplace, school, public areas, and more
ADM Average Daily Membership
AFGR Average Freshman Graduation Rate
AP Advanced Placement
APS Academic Program Survey
AR Accelerated Reader; a daily progress monitoring software assessment in wide use by primary and secondary schools for monitoring the practice of reading
ARC Admissions and Release Committee; a group who makes determinations on the best course of study for a student with disabilities; membership should include a regular education teacher, a special education teacher, a representative of the school district, the parent, and individuals with specialized knowledge, and others
ASCD Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development
ASVAB Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery; multiple-choice test to determine qualification for enlistment in U.S. armed forces
AYP Adequate Yearly Progress; a term included in NCLB that indicates whether schools and districts have been successful in improving student achievement from one year to the next
BAC building assessment coordinator
BIP/BMP Behavior Intervention Plan/Behavior Management Plan
BOE Board of Education
BTTP Bilingual Teacher Training Program
CACFP Child and Adult Care Food Program; a program administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture that provides meals and snacks to children and adults in need
CAST Center for Applied Special Technology
CBA Curriculum-Based Assessment
CBEST California Basic Educational Skills Test
CCLD Collaborative Center for Literacy Development
CCSSO Council for Chief State School Officers
CDC Centers for Disease Control
CDE California Department of Education
CDIP/CSIP Consolidated District or School Improvement Planning; a process that integrates instructional improvement with student learning results
CEC Council for Exceptional Children
CECC Community Early Childhood Council
CECAS Comprehensive Exceptional Children Accountability System
CEDARS Common Education Data Analysis & Reporting System
CFR Code of Federal Regulations
CIITS Continuous Instructional Improvement Technology System; provides student data and teaching resources directly to teachers and principals when and where they most need it
CIP Comprehensive Improvement Planning
COMPASS College placement tests used to evaluate incoming students in reading, writing, and math skills
CPE Council on Postsecondary Education
CPSE Committee of Preschool Special Education
CSD Classified Staff Data
CSE Committee on Special Education
CSIP Classified Staff Data
CSIP Comprehensive School Improvement Plan
CST Child Study Team
CTC Commission on Teacher Credentialing
CTE Career and technical education
CTL Collaborative for Teaching and Learning
DAC District Assessment Coordinator
DAGC District Achievement Gap Coordinator
DECA Distributive Education Clubs of America
DOK Depth of Knowledge; the level of knowledge or learning expected at various grade levels or during a course of study
DPH Department of Public Health
DWoK Different Ways of Knowing
EAARS Education Assessment and Accountability Review Subcommittee
ECS Education Commission of the States
EDDIE Educational Directory & Demographical Information Exchange
EDGAR Education Department General Administrative Regulations
EIAC Educational Improvement Advisory Committee
ELAP English Language Acquisition Program
ELDC Educational Leadership Development Collaborative
ELL English Language Learner
ELP English language Proficiency
EOG End-of-Grade
EPSB Education Professional Standards Board
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
ERIG Early Reading Incentive Grant
ERS Educational Recovery Staff; teachers, administrators, and other certified staff that support improved teaching and learning
ESEA Elementary and Secondary Education Act
ESL English as a Second Language; a program that provides instruction for students whose first language is not English
ESS Extended School Services; programs providing additional instruction and support through longer days, weeks, or years for students who are at risk of not meeting academic expectations
ESSA The Every Student Succeeds Act
ESY Extended School Year Services
ETS Educational Testing Service
EVAAS Education Value Added Assessment System
FAPE Free Appropriate Public Education
FBLA Future Business Leaders of America
FCCLA Family, Careers, and Community Leaders of America
FEA Future Educators of America
FERPA Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act
FRL Free and Reduced Priced Lunch
FRYSC Family Resource and Youth Services Center
FSP Family Support Plan
FTE full-time equivalent
GATE Gifted and Talented Education
GE General Education
GED General Education Diploma/General Educational Development
GPA Grade Point Average
HOSA Health Occupations Students of America
HSE Highly Skilled Educators; an assistance program was designed to support and turn around low-performing schools
HSTW High Schools That Work; a cooperative effort with the Southern Regional Education Board that integrates challenging academic courses and modern vocational studies to raise the achievement levels of career-bound
IB International Baccalaureate; a program of international education for students aged 3 to 19
IDA International Dyslexia Association
IEE Independent Educational Evaluation
IDEA Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
IEP Individualized Education Program
IPT IDEA Proficiency Test
LEA Local Education Agency
LRC Legislative Research Commission
LRE Least Restrictive Environment
LSAC Local Superintendent Advisory Committee
LSBMAC Local School Board Member Advisory Council
manipulative concrete or hands-on instructional materials and games used in the classroom to introduce and reinforce skills
MERR Minority Educator Recruitment and Retention
MSIP Minority Superintendent Internship Program; a program designed to identify, prepare, and support minority candidates for school superintendent positions
multi-age/ multi-ability grouping grouping children who have been in school different numbers of years in the same classroom
multicultural education interdisciplinary, cross-cultural education that prepares students to live and work in a diverse world
NABSE National Alliance of Black School Educators
NAEP National Assessment of Educational Progress; assessments of samples of students in each state on a variety of subject areas
NAEYC National Association for the Education of Young Children
NASBE National Association of State Boards of Education
NBCT National Board Certified Teacher
NBPTS National Board for Professional Teaching Standards
NCATE National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education
NSLP National School Lunch Program
OCR Office for Civil Rights
on-demand writing timed, structured writing assessments that require extended writing, including essays, letters, and compositions
PAC Parent Advisory Council
PBIS Positive Behavior Intervention and Support
PD Professional Development
PEP Personalized Education Plan
PICOUP Person In Charge of Unlocking Potential Award
PLCs Professional Learning Communities; a collegial group of administrators and school staff who are united in their commitment to student learning by sharing a vision, working and learning collaboratively, visiting and reviewing other classrooms, and participating in decision-making
PSAT Pre-Scholastic Assessment Test
PTA Parent Teacher Association
RSP Resource Specialist Program
RTA Read to Achieve; a state grant program that focuses on reading diagnostic and intensive reading intervention for struggling readers within the state primary program
RttT Race to the Top
SAT Scholastic Aptitude Test
SBE State Board of Education
SEA State Education Agency
SIP School Improvement Plan
SIS Student Information System
SMT Simultaneous Multisensory Teaching
SSI Supplemental Security Income
STEM Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics
TIMS Transportation Information Management System
USDE United States Department of Education
YRBS Youth Risk Behavior Survey
YRBSS Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System

 

501 (c)(3) The section of the tax code that defines nonprofit, charitable, or tax-exempt organizations; 501(c)(3) organizations are further defined as public charities, private operating foundations, and private non-operating foundations.

 

A-21 “Cost Principals for Educational Institutions” A circular published by the Federal  Office of Management and Budget (OMB) that establishes the principals determining costs within education system such as grants, research, development, or other work.

 

Allowable Costs Things that can be purchased or paid for with grant funds.
ARRA The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act    2009 The Federal legislation authorizing billions of dollars in program funding and tax cuts, referred to originally as the “Stimulus Bill,” “Stimulus Package,” or “HR 1.”

 

Annual Report A report created by an organization and foundation that describes its yearly fiscal activities. These reports can be made to grantmaking organizations to ensure that money is being used as allowed.
Assets The amount of capital or principal owned by a foundation or organization such as money, stocks, bonds, real estate, etc.

 

Audit Review of a project’s or agency’s fiscal activities.
Beneficiary The individual or organization receiving funds.
Bequests A donation or gift that has few or no obligations attached to it. The lack of restrictions makes these types of donations desirable.

 

Block Grants Formula funds that are not allocated to a specific category and are more flexibly distributed.

 

Boilerplate Materials Generic verbiage used in an agreement that expresses generalized or standardized terms. Sometimes boilerplate language is used as a placeholder until more specific details or personalized material can be added that actually reflect the document’s matter.
BAA Broad Agency Announcement An announcement of a federal agency’s research interests, under which awards and proposals can be made.

 

Budget A detailed statement outlining a project’s or organization’s anticipated costs for a fixed period of time.
Budget Adjustment An amendment to the initial budget statement.
Budget Narrative Text that describes a budget’s purpose or relevance to a project’s mission.
Budget Period A delineation of time for a budget statement.
Capital Expenses Large purchases such as buildings, land, vehicles, or major equipment.
Capital Support Funds for the purchase of large endowments such as buildings, land, vehicles, or major equipment.
CFDA Number Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Number The CFDA is the encyclopedia of all funding programs. It’s the way all grants are categorized.

 

Challenge Grant A grant given only if the receiving organization can match the funds given. This is used to inspire donors to the organization along with grant funds.
Change Order A written order signed by a contractor to make changes to an existing contract.

 

Charitable Foundation Legally categorized as a nonprofit organization. A charitable foundation either donates funds and support to other organizations or provides the source of funding for its own charitable purposes. It differs from a private foundation in that it is not endowed by an individual or family but solicits funds from the public.

 

Close Out The act of completing all remaining actions to terminate a project.

 

CFR Code of Federal Regulations The rules and requirements published by federal administrative agencies and departments, like HUD, the Dept. of Education, and the like.

 

Collaborator An individual or agency who works in partnership with another organization.
CDBG Community Development Block Grant A program of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development that funds local community development. A block grant is less specific than a categorical grant as funds can be used more loosely.
Community Foundation A 501(c)(3) organization that makes grants for charitable purposes in a specific community or region. Community foundations can be classified as private or public charities.

 

Community Fund Funds for an organized community program used for the ongoing operations of that community.

 

CSBG Community Services Block Grant Program A program of the Office of Community Services (OCS) that allocates funding smaller cities and rural areas; funds can be used for a variety of human services, job training and other projects that benefit low-income persons.

 

CBO Community-Based Organization An organization that provides human services and is a part of a particular community, usually characterized as a public charity.

 

CD-ROM Compact Disk-Read Only Memory A computer disk that allows for information to be “written” on it and passed to other technologies.

 

Company-sponsored Foundation A private foundation whose assets are derived primarily from the contributions of a for-profit business. While a company-sponsored foundation may maintain close ties with its parent company, it is an independent organization with its own endowment and as such is subject to the same rules and regulations as other private foundations.

 

Competing Proposals Proposals that are submitted for the first time or unfunded proposals that are resubmitted and must compete for new or further funds.
Concept Paper A preliminary application, a lot shorter than a proposal.
Consortium Two or more organizations that work on a similar project.
Continuation Project (Non-Competing) A project approved for multi-year funding, though funds may be administered yearly. For grant funded projects or cooperative agreements on a specific project.

 

CoC Continuum of Care Authorized under the several “McKinney Act” Programs administered by HUD, Continuum of Care funds are allocated at the local level by regional agencies to provide services to the homeless.

 

Contract A document that legally outlines an agreement and obligations between two or more parties.
Cooperative Venture A joint effort between or among two or more grantmakers in which they share funding responsibilities or other resources.

 

Corporate Foundation A foundation set up by a corporate entity. Usually refers to a private foundation which is overseen by a board or trustees.
Corporate Giving Program A grantmaking program established and administered within a for-profit corporation. Their grant endowments usually come out of corporate profits. Corporate giving programs are not subject to the same reporting requirements as corporate foundations.

 

CAS Cost Accounting Standards Federally mandated accounting standards intended to ensure uniformity in budgeting and spending funds.
Cost-Reimbursement Type Contract/Grant A contract/grant for which the sponsor pays for the full costs incurred in the conduct of the work up to an agreed-upon amount.
Cost Sharing Describes virtually any type of arrangement in which more than one party supports research, equipment acquisition, demonstration projects, programs, institutions.

 

Deficit Expenditures exceed funds available.
DOC Department of Commerce The federal department that oversees commercial activity.
USDE Department of Education The federal department that oversees education.
DOE Department of Energy The federal department charged with overseeing issues relating to energy production, consumption, and research. This shouldn’t be confused with the Department of Education, which is usually written as Dept. of Education or USDE.
DHHS Department of Health and Human Services The federal department that oversees national health and human services.

 

HUD The Department of Housing and Urban Development The federal department that oversees housing matters, including Section 8 vouchers, public housing, FHA financing, etc.

 

Direct Costs Specific costs that are directly related to the project.
Discretionary Grants Awarded on a competitive basis, opposed to a formula grant

 

Distribution Committee The committee responsible for issuing grant funds, of which the persons are usually representative of the giving organization.
Donation A gift or contribution that can be made with or without restrictrions.
Donee The recipient of funds. (Also known as the grantee or the beneficiary.)
Donor An individual or organization that gives funds to a donee or recipient. (Also known as the grantor.)

 

DUNS Number Dun and Bradstreet Data Universal Numbering System A DUNS number is a 9-digit identification number that helps the federal government keep track of the grant funds it hands out.

 

EDA Economic Development Administration The federal department in charge of increasing jobs and job training. It also promotes economic development by creating jobs through infrastructure improvements.
EDGAR Education Department General Administration Regulations The Department that sets requirements for grant distribution.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center A federally funded website the provides resources and information on education. This website could be a great resource for grant applicants. Visit https://www.eric.ed.gov for more information.

 

E-Application Electronic grant application system An online application for federal grants.
EHB(s) Electronic Handbook(s) Health Resources and Service Administration’s (HRSA) An online system for reviewing grant applications or posting opportunities related to the HRSA, an agency of the Department of Health and Human Resources. The HRSA is mostly concerned with access to health services, especially relating to the uninsured and medically vulnerable.
ERA Electronic Research Administration An online database that monitors grant applications, awards, distribution of funds, and other grantmaking processes. The ERA operates under the Department of Health and Human Services.

 

ESEA Elementary & Secondary Education Act A federal statute enacted in 1965 and now reauthorized under the No Child Left Behind Act that substantially funds Elementary and Secondary Education.
Employee Matching Grant A donation given to a charitable contribution that is matched by a person’s employer. The employee will choose the organization or school of his/her choice and the company or employer will match those funds.

 

Encumbrance Funds set aside until certain expenses are made first.
Endowment A donation with restrictions that usually require only a certain amount of money be spent over time. This allows the funds to have a longer-term effect than if spent at once.

 

Expenditure Responsibility When an organization not directly related to charity receives a grant for charitable purposes, it must exert all reasonable effort to demonstrate that it will use the funds properly. This is a requirement made by the IRS.
Expiration Date The end date of a project or funding period.
Extension An additional period of time given to complete a project or to utilize more funding.
F&A Costs Facilities and Administrative Costs Expenses related to general procedures or office needs and therefore cannot be outlined specifically to a donor/grantor.
FBO Faith-Based Organization An organization that operates on basis of their particular faith. This organization usually provides services pertaining to their values, however recipients are not always required to be of the same faith or value-system.
Family Foundation An independent private foundation whose funds are derived from members of a single family. Family members often serve as officers or board members of family foundations and have a significant role in their grantmaking decisions.
FEMA The Federal Emergency Management Agency A subdivision of the Department of Homeland Security. It is charged with disaster response and declaring the official “state of emergency”.
FFO Federal Funding Opportunity Another way to say “RFP” or announce that that funding is available by the federal government.
FHA Federal Housing Administration As a subdivision of HUD it is the largest provider of insurance on mortgage loans.
FR Federal Register The registry of all grants approved by Congress. Grant opportunities are listed on the website.

 

Federated Giving Program Funds administered by a non-profit “umbrella” organization (i.e. the United Way of America) that in term distributes funds to other non-profits. This umbrella organization is in charge of collecting and tracking the funds.
Fiduciary Agency The agency or organization that receives grant funding and is in charge of its use.
Final Report The report given upon completion of a project, usually required by a grantor.
Fiscal Sponsorship The offering of an organization’s legal tax-exempt status to another organization with a similar mission or project.
FY Fiscal Year The 12-month period of a budget.
FP Fixed-Price Contract/Grant A contract or grant where one organization or agency pays another a fixed, predetermined cost regardless of the actual costs of a given project or operation. Also known as a lump-sum grant.
Form 990 The form submitted to the IRS by a non-profit reporting its annual fiscal activities.
Form 990-PF The form submitted to the IRS by a private foundation reporting its annual fiscal activities.
Formula Grants A noncompetitive award granted based on a pre-determined formula. The formula can be derived from demographic information, unemployment rates, poverty levels, etc. and is an attempt to quantify the need for aid. Formula grants are primarily administered by the State.
Funding Cycle The period of time over which proposals for funding are received, accepted, and distributed.

 

FOA Funding Opportunity Announcement Another term for “RFP” or to announce that funding is available.
Funding Priorities A subject area or focus that a giving organization prioritizes in decisions about funding.
General Purpose Foundation A private foundation that awards funds for vast and varied subject matters.
General/Operating Support Funding for the basic operations of an agency or organization.
Gift A donation given with little or no requirements for usage.

 

Grant A type of financial assistance that requires a proposal of the project or organization’s activities followed by a review process and award of funds.
Grant Seeker An individual, school, organization, agency, etc. looking to apply for grant funding.
Grantee An individual, school, organization, agency, etc. responsible for giving out grant funding.
Grantee Financial Report A report outlining how given funds were used as per requirement by the beneficiary .

 

Grantor/Grant Maker The party distributing funds.
Grantmaking Foundation Also known as a nonoperating foundation. A grantmaking foundation achieves its purposes indirectly by giving funds to other organizations rather than carrying out goals directly, as with an operating foundation.
Grassroots Fundraising Raising money through local efforts or on a broad scale through the public. This type of fundraising usually entails gathering many smaller donations by individuals.
Guidelines The requirements listed by a grantor for funding or in application for funding.
Incremental Funding Funding a project or organization in pieces rather than in lump-sum.

 

Independent Foundation A grantmaking organization usually classified by the IRS as a private foundation. Independent foundations may also be known as family foundations, general purpose foundations, special purpose foundations, or private non-operating foundations.
Indirect Cost Rate The percentage of indirect costs to direct costs formulated into a standardized rate and applied to Local Education Agencies by the CDE in order to appropriately charge individual agencies for their indirect costs.

 

Indirect Costs A type of expense that comprises of general administrative costs, such as office supplies, maintenance, travel, etc.
In-kind Contribution A non-monetary contribution to an individual or agency such as a service or consultation.
IHE Institute of Higher Education A post-secondary school responsible for education after grade 12, i.e. university, vocational school, community college.

 

Interim Funding The authorizing of spending funds before the award of funds takes effect.

 

Investigator-Initiated Proposal A proposal submitted to a sponsor without being prompted by an RFP or announcement of funding.
IFB Invitation for Bid An invitation for contractors to offer services or products to contribute to a solicitor’s project. The lowest bid is then chosen by the solicitor.
Key Personnel The main personnel working on a specified project.

 

Letter of Inquiry/ Letter of Intent A letter outlining an organization’s project sent to a grantor to determine if it’s appropriate to apply for funding. Many grantmakers prefer to be contacted in this way before receiving a full proposal.
Letter of Support A letter from the beneficiary expressing financial support of the proposed project.

 

Leverage Using funds the organization or agency already has to secure other funds.
LOC Limitation of Cost A contractual expression of a limit to funds. If costs exceed the funds promised, the giving organization is not responsible for reimbursement.
LEA Local Educational Agency Synonymous for school district.
LAHSA Los Angeles Homeless Services Authority The joint Los Angeles city and county organization charged with addressing homelessness issues in L.A. County funded through “Continuum of Care”.

 

Matching Grant Grant given if parallel funds are raised, usually dollar-for-dollar.
MOA Memorandum of Agreement An MOA or cooperative agreement is a document written between two parties to work cooperatively together on a project or to meet an objective. The purpose of a MOA is to have a written understanding of the agreement between the two parties.
MOU Memorandum of Understanding A document describing a bilateral or multilateral agreement between parties expressing a shared objective or project.
Mission An organization’s state purpose, meant to answer a specific issue or provide a specific service.
Modification An award document that modifies any aspect of an existing award.
Narrative The prose, or written explanation, of the project design and purpose of the grant request.
NSF National Science Foundation A federal department that oversees research and development in the field of science.
New and Competing Proposals Proposals that are submitted for the first time or ongoing projects that must re-compete for funding prior to expiration of the original award.
New Award Either an award not previously given or a new award given to replace or extend a previous donation.

 

No Cost Time Extension An extension of time to finish a project or receive more funding without extra cost.
Non-allowable Costs The items or services that cannot be purchased with grant money.
Non-operating Foundation Also known as a “grantmaking” foundation. A non-operating foundation achieves its goals by giving funds to other organizations, rather than an operating foundation that uses its funds to achieve its purposes directly.

 

OESE Office of Elementary and Secondary Education A program of the United States Department of Education. The OESE’s purpose is to promote academic excellence and enhance educational opportunity and equity for all American children and families.
OELA Office of English Language Acquisition A program of the United States Department of Education. The OELA provides bilingual education for English language learners.
OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention An office under the Department of Justice responsible for addressing juvenile delinquency prevention.
OMB Circulars Office of Management & Budget Regulatory Circulars Regulatory circulars issued by the Office of Management & Budget (OMB).
OSERS Office of Special Education & Rehabilitative Services A program of the United States Department of Education. The OSERS serves people with disabilities in order to ensure equal opportunity, access to, and excellence in education, employment, and community living.
Operating Foundation A foundation that uses its funds to achieve their goals directly. This is opposite of a non-operating foundation that uses its funds to give to other organizations to carry out their goals indirectly.
Operating Support Funds that cover costs for basic operations or office maintenance.
Payout Requirement The minimum amount private organizations must spend per year on charity. Quantitatively this requirement must meet 5% the average market value of its net investment assets in order to avoid paying excise taxes
Peer Review A critical review or judgment of a proposal or work by other experts in the specified field.
Performance Measure A measurement that can be utilized to evaluate the success of a project. For example, the number of jobs created, the number of students enrolled.
Performance Report A requirement of the grantor to outline the success of a project.

 

Pre-Proposal A brief description, usually 2-10 pages, of project plans and estimated budget submitted prior to a full proposal to determine appropriateness of the project to the grantor. Also called a Preliminary Proposal.
Principal Investigator The lead of a project or organization applying for grant funding.
Prior Approval The written documentation of request for additional funds for actions not previously mentioned or not directly related to project.

 

Priority Score A score formulated by a review board to determine which projects are more relevant and more likely to be awarded the grant.
Private Foundation A legal entity set up by an individual, family, or group of individuals for a purpose such as philanthropy. Unlike a charitable foundation, it does not generally solicit funds from the public.
Private Sector Grants and Funding Foundation and corporate grants that allocate funds to charitable organizations.
Program Amount The amount of funds used to maintain a particular program.

 

Program Announcement Describes available of funds for a project. May be an expansion of previous interests or a change in interest.
Program Officer A staff member of a foundation who reviews grant proposals and processes applications on behalf of the board.

 

PRI Program-Related Investment A loan or donation of funds with the prospect of return of the capital invested.
Progress Report Scheduled summary reports of a project.
Project The proposed plan of which funds are being requested.
PP Project Period The stated amount of time a project will take.
Proposal A written application, sometimes with additional documents, to a grantmaker or supporting organization for funds, project support, or acceptance of services.
Public Charity A nonprofit organization that qualifies for tax-exempt status under section 501(c)(3) of the IRS code. Public charities are the recipients of most foundation and corporate grants. Some public charities also make grants. Also known as a 501(c)(3), community foundation.
PWEDA Public Works and Economic Development Act This 1965 act authorizes many EDA activities and sets guidelines for how EDA’s money is supposed to be spent.
Qualifying Distributions Expenditures of a private foundation made to satisfy its annual payout requirement.
RAT Board Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board The organization created by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 to provide transparency of Recovery-related funds and to prevent against fraud.
Regs Regulations The contractual rules and actions governing sponsored projects.
Renewal A competitively reviewed proposal requesting additional funds in order to extend a project.

 

Replicability Usually a requirement of grantmakers that a program can be reproduced easily or can be proved effective in multiple settings.

 

RFA Request for Application An announcement of available funds —a simpler format than RFP.
RFP Request for Proposal An announcement of available funds– a more complex format than an RFA, that usually requires supplementary documents.
Revision A modified and resubmitted request for funding for a project that was previously rejected by the grantor or withdrawn by the grantee.
Rolling Deadline No specific closing date for applications. Proposals can be sent at any time.
S&W Salaries and Wages Payments made to employees of the organization for work performed.
STEM Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math Acronym used in the education field to refer to the act of integrating these four curriculums and to focus classroom learning on the more “hands-on” approach of problem-solving and exploratory learning versus a teacher-focused approach.
Scope of Work The description of the work to be performed and completed on a project.
Seed Money A grant or donation used to start a project or organization.
Senior Personnel The personnel charged with overseeing a project.
Set-Asides A private foundation may “set-aside” funds for a future project or contribution that doesn’t take place in the current fiscal year. These can be used as qualifying distributions as long as the set-aside takes place in the next 5 years.

 

SSPOC Single State Point of Contact State contact that district must use when applying for certain federal grants.
SBIR Small Business Innovative Research A government program coordinated by the Small Business Administration that ensures 2.5% of all research funding is granted to small businesses.

 

SBTT Small Business Technology Transfer Funding for small businesses in partnership with research institutions.
SGA Solicitation for Grant Applications A document issued by a funder to solicit grant applications.
Special Purpose Foundation A private foundation that focuses its grantmaking activities in a specific area of interest.
Sponsor The organization that funds a project.

 

Stakeholders Those who may benefit from the success of a project.

 

SF-424 Standard Form 424 This is the basic cover form for most federal grant applications.
SEA State Educational Agency The government name for state-level agency responsible for education and development of schools and residents.
Stipend Opposed to a formal salary, it does not measure the full work performed by provides as a subsidy for the individual or agency’s maintenance. This could be a stipend for living expenses. Usually indicates that work is voluntary but that individual is receiving a small token for work performed (sometimes below minimum wage).
Subgrants Formula or competitive grants made from a larger grant.
SAMHSA Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration A large subdivision of the Department of Health and Human Services responsible for addressing substance abuse and mental health.
Supporting Documentation Attachments to a grant proposal to describe project or use of funding, i.e. statistics, budgets, etc.
Sustainability Strategies to continue to address the need and/or population after grant money is terminated.
Target Population The direct beneficiaries of a project.

 

TOA Task Order Agreement A legally binding document authorizing work and appropriating funds as a supplement to a original contract.
Tax-exempt The status of organizations that do not have to pay taxes because of their charitable activities. Also refers to an individual’s or organization’s use of money that can be “written-off” as tax-exempt, such as a charitable donation.

 

Teaming Agreement An agreement between two or more parties to partner on a project together.

 

Technical Assistance Operational or management assistance given to nonprofit organizations. This type of help can include fundraising assistance, budgeting and financial planning, program planning, legal advice, marketing, etc.

 

Terms of Award The requirements of the award imposed on the recipient.
Trustee A foundation board member or officer who helps make decisions about how grant money is spent.
Unilateral Award An award made by a sponsor to an organization without considering competitive proposals.
Unsolicited Proposal A proposal submitted without the official request from the funding agency.

 

 

ACO Accountable Care Organization Groups of doctors, hospitals, and other health care providers who coordinate and provide high quality care to Medicare patients.
ADLs Activities of Daily Living The measurement of the functional status of an individual, especially in regards to seniors and people with disabilities.
AHA American Hospital Association An organization that promotes quality health care in hospitals and other health care networks through public policy and providing information related to health care.
AoA Administration on Aging The agency of the HHS assigned to assist elderly Americans remain independent in their communities.
APHA American Public Health Association A D.C based organization for public health professionals that promotes preventative health services.
ASTHO Association of State and Territorial Health Officials Represents the nation’s public health agencies and influences public health policy.
BCHS Bureau of Community Health Services Funds community agencies that provide health services that primarily focus on health care accessibility for vulnerable, underserved and rural populations.
CBA Cost-Benefit Analysis A systematic process to determine the benefits and costs of a project, decision or government policy, provides a basis for comparing projects.
CBO Community Based Care Transition Program Created under the Affordable Care Act, tests models to improve care transitions and reduce re-admissions for high risk Medicare beneficiaries
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention The federal department under the HHS that is responsible to protect public health and safety through disease control and prevention.
CDSMP Chronic Disease Self-Management Program, Stanford University Serves as a model to provide older adults education to cope with chronic diseases and build confidence so they can enhance their quality of life.
CMS Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services previousing known as HCFA (Health Care Financing Administration) A federal agency under the HHS that administers the Medicare program and works in partnership with state governments to administer Medicaid.
CPS Current Population Survey The primary source of high-profile economic statistics which include information on labor force and unemployment which is sponsored by the US Census Bureau.
CTI Care Transitions Intervention A type of intervention with the goal of improving transitions by promoting knowledge and self-management as patients move from hospital to home.
DOT Department of Transportation The government agency responsible for regulating transportation and overseeing interstate travel.
DPP Diabetes Prevention Program A program funded by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases to determine the safety and efficiency of interventions that prevent or delay diabetes.
DRG Diagnosis-Related Group A patient classification system based on the diagnosis of distinct groupings of individuals.
EPA Environmental Protection Agency The federal agency devoted to the maintenance and enforcement of a variety of environmental laws in accordance with state, tribal, and local governments.
EPSDT Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment A program that provides comprehensive healthcare services for children under the age of twenty-one that are enrolled in Medicaid.
FASEB Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology A non-profit organization that conducts biological and medical research and additionally holds academic conferences and publishes scientific literature.
FCC  Federal Communications Commission An independent agency of the US government that works on areas such as the media, broadband, public safety, and homeland security
FMS  Financial Management Service A bureau of the US Department of Treasury that provides several financial services for the federal government
FTC  Federal Trade Commission An independent agency of the US government that is responsible for consumer protection and the prevention and elimination of anti-competitive business practices
FTT  Failure To Thrive A notable delay in growth of an infant or young child
FY  Fiscal Year A period of time used to calculate annual financial statements in organizations and other businesses
GAO  Government Accountability Office The audit, evaluation, and investigation engine of the US Congress that helps to uncover waste and inefficiency in the federal government
HHS  Department of Health and Human Services The US department devoted to protecting the health of all Americans and provides essential human services
HIS  Indian Health Service An operating division under the HHS that is responsible for providing medical and public health services to members of federally recognized tribes and Alaskan natives
HMO  Health Maintenance Organization An organization that provides managed care for health insurance in the US and acts as a liaison between health care providers and customers
HRSA  Health Resources and Services Administration An agency under the HHS that is primarily responsible for improving access to health care services for uninsured and underinsured individuals
HSP  Head Start Program A program under the HHS that aims to provide comprehensive services to low income  families and their respective children
HUP  Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania The oldest university-owned teaching hospital in the country
IOM  Institute of Medicine, The National Academies A non-profit organization that provides national recommendations on topics relating to biomedical science, medicine, and health
MCHS  Maternal and Child Health Services The oldest federal-state partnership that helps to ensure the health of mothers, youth, and children especially those with low-incomes or limited availability of care
NAEHE  National Association of Extension Home Economists A profession improvement organization that provided opportunities for member to improve their skills as home economists and adult educators
NCI  National Cancer Institute One of the eleven agencies that are part of the HHS which conducts research and information dissemination related to the causes, prevention, and treatment of cancer
NH Nursing Home A private institution or company that provides long term care and residential accommodations with health care, especially for the elderly
NHANES  National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey A program that assesses the health of  American adults and children which incorporates  interviews and physical examinations as part of the studies
NIA  National Institute on Aging The primary agency under HSS that leads scientific effort in order to understand the nature of aging and conducts Alzheimer’s disease research
NIH  National Institute of Health An agency under the HHS that is responsible for biomedical and health related research
NRC/NAS  National Research Council/National Academy of Science The council under the US National Academies that produces reports that shape policies, inform public opinion, and furthers the pursuit of science, medicine, and engineering
NSF  National Science Foundation A US government agency that supports research and education in all non-medical fields of science and engineering
NWA  National WIC (Women, Infants, Children) Association An organization that works on behalf of the WIC program in order to gain bipartisan support in the US Congress and raise awareness about early childhood nutrition
OAA  Older Americans Act The first federal level initiative that was aimed to provide comprehensive services for aging adults
ODPHP  Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion The office under the HHS that coordinates disease prevention, healthy lifestyles, and health literacy across the US
OMB  Office of Management and Budget The executive office that is responsible to measure the quality of agency programs, policies, procedures and evaluates if they are in line with the President’s policies
OTA  Office of Technology Assessment An office of the US Congress from 1972 to 1995 that was created to provide Congressional members with analysis on complex scientific and technical issues of the late twentieth century
PAHO  Pan American Health Organization A public health agency that is recognized by the United Nations that works to improve the health and living standards of the people living in the Americas
PCPFS  President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports An organization under the office of Public Health and Science that works to motivate Americans of all ages to maintain healthy lifestyles and be physically active
PL Public Law Law that concerns relationships between individuals and the government such as constitutional law, criminal law, and tax law
PPO  Preferred Provider Organization A managed care organization of health care providers that work with an insurer to provide clients with healthcare at reduced rates
PSRO  Professional Standards Review Organization A group that monitors government health insurance programs and assesses the quality and cost of health care
QALY  Quality Adjusted Life Year A cost utility analysis used to measure the number of years added to an individual’s life by medical intervention
QIO  Quality Improvement Organization Private contractors of the US federal government that monitor the efficacy of healthcare to Medicare beneficiaries
RUMBA  Quality Assurance Criteria (Acronym for Relevant, Understandable, Measurable, Behavioral, Achievable) A program designed to instill an understanding for quality care
SOAP  Subjective data, Objective data, Assessment, and Plan A process of documentation that health care providers utilize to track their patients’ progress
SOW  Statement of Work A formal document that details the work activities and timeline of a vendor that must be completed for the client
SSA  Social Security Administration An independent agency of the US that is in charge of Social Security, a social insurance program that supplies retirement, survivor, and disability benefits
UNESCO  United Nations Economic and Social Council An organization that promotes international peace and security through the collaboration of education, science, and culture
UNICEF  United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund A program that provides long term humanitarian assistance to children in developing nations
USAID  Unites States Agency for International Development The US federal agency responsible for assisting in economic, development and humanitarian foreign aid
USPHS  US Public Health Service The primary division of the HHS that is overseen by the Surgeon General and composed of public health professionals dedicated to health promotion and disease prevention
VA  Veterans Administration The US department that is responsible for running the Veteran benefit system  that includes medical facilities and clinics
VD-HCBS  Veterans Directed Home and Community Based Services A program under the VA that provides services to Veterans of all ages who are in need of assistance with activities of daily living, skilled services, and case management
VHA  Veterans Health Administration The integrated health care system under the VA that serves over eight million Veterans each year
WHO  World Health Organization The specialized agency of the UN that is devoted to international public health
WIC  Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants and Children A federal assistance program that is responsible for the healthcare of low-income pregnant women, breastfeeding women, and children under the age of five
YRBS  Youth Risk Behavior Survey A biannual survey conducted by the CDC  that documents adolescent health risk behaviors such as drinking, smoking, and drug use
Active Attack An attack in which the attacker seeks to alter the system used, not just to learn information as with a “passive attack”. This usually results in a manipulation or unauthorized download of files.
Attack An attempt to gain unauthorized access into a system in order to alter or learn information about the system being used.
Ad Blocker/Killer A program that helps to prevent popup advertisements from appearing on your screen.
Administrative Security The basic requirement of security for a network of users or computer system.
Adware Automatically displays or downloads advertisements to a computer, usually as a popup. Adware by itself is harmless, but can be coupled with spyware or software that illegally obtains information about the user’s computer.
Alert A message that notifies the computer user of a security measure.
AntiSpam A software or service that helps prevent unsolicited mail and stops the spammer from keeping email addresses on the spam list.
Application Level Gateway A firewall system or proxy server that monitors traffic between the host or trusted server and an un-trusted server. It ensures that the information passing through is authorized by the computer user.
Attachment A file that can be added to an e-mail, blog, or other online device such as documents, pictures, or songs. Exercise caution with any unknown attachments as they may contain viruses.
Automated Information System (AIS) A connection of a system of computers, hardware, or software to an information processing device that does work like communication, computation, or dissemination of information.
Back Door A hole in the security of a computer system by which normal authorization of use can be bypassed. This could happen because of an installed program or software.
Blacklisting Software A type of software that blocks specified harmful sites from your computer.
Blocking Software A software that blocks harmful websites or incoming data from online.
Blog An online diary or log which can include pictures, links, or other forms of media. It is updated frequently and sometimes organized by specific subjects, such as politics, news, or pop culture.
Bookmark A way to save a website in your browser’s toolbar for future use.
Breach A violation of the security of a network or computer system.
Browser A program that allows users to view web pages like Firefox or Safari.
Buffer Overflow When more data is put into the buffer or a holding area than can be processed. An overflow can cause a computer crash or infiltration by an unwanted user.
Bug An unwanted program or hardware that damages a computer’s ability to function.
Chat Real-time communication in which individuals can send and receive messages instantly. Chats are a component of instant messaging.
Chat Acronym An acronym used to communicate phrases. i.e. LOL (laugh out loud), ASL (age/sex/location), BRB (Be right back), etc.
Chat Room An interactive forum where individuals can talk in real-time. Many chat rooms are themed by subjects to discuss, but they can also be formed to talk informally, with strangers or with friends.
Click-reload A popup that opens when you click on a link which at the same times reloads more popup windows.
Cookie These are files that store information about what is typed on the Internet, such as usernames, passwords, or phone numbers that can be enabled or deleted.
Cyberbullying Using the Internet to intimate another person such as through email, social media, or instant messaging.
Cyberspace Commonly known as the internet, it is a web of computers and systems that interact online.
Cyberstalking/Harassment Terms that can refer to the online enticement of children; threatening messages, harmful gossip, or sexual solicitation.
Domain Name A name the represents the Internet Protocol (IP) address of a website. i.e. https://boostcollaborative.org is a domain name.
Download Information received online or from other computers that you can view or save.
E-mail A service that allows people to send messages with text, pictures, files, or sound to other people around the world. Popular email servers are gmail, yahoo, and hotmail.
Email Worm A harmful, self-replicating program which can spread over computer networks through email.
Emoticons Icons or keyboard combinations that represent facial expressions. They can be sent via email, messaging, or social media. Examples -_-
File-sharing Program A program that allows multiple users to exchange files, such as pictures, songs, or even other programs. Exercise caution when downloading shared files as some may contain viruses or illegal material.
Filtering Software Software that screens unwanted Internet content.
Firewall A device or wall that separates permitted users and information from denied access. This prevents unwanted information like spam and viruses as well as unwanted users from infiltrating the system.
Firmware A hardware that controls internally some other device. Examples of firmware are keyboards, hard disks, or memory cards.
Flaming Sending offensive messages to others on the Internet.
Freeware Computer software that is available for use at no cost. Sometimes the software has user restrictions such as a time period it can be used or does not function as fully as the paid software.
Gamer Someone who plays online computer or video games.
Geolocation Services A service that shares a user’s location with their friends or with other users. Some examples include Facebook Places or Foursquare.
Grooming Known as the process a predator uses to try and lure youth through compliments or gifts.
Hacker A person who hacks into a computer system illegally.
Hardware A general term for equipment that can be held/used by hand such as floppy disks, hard drives, or CD’s.
History A list of recently viewed or visited web pages. It’s important to check your children’s website history to see what sites they have visited.
Homepage The main web page set up in your browser when you first open it.
Hyperlinks An image or text that connects one web page to another or can also be used to access pictures, sound bites, or files.
Icons Pictures that represent the programs or files on your computer.
Instant Messaging A service that allows people to send and get messages instantly. Examples include AIM, Windows Messenger, or Yahoo Messenger.
Internet Service Provider (ISP) A company that provides Internet access to customers, like Cox or AT&T.
IP Address An Internet Protocol (IP) address is a numeric label given to identify devices that use ISPs for communication. They can be given temporarily or “loaned” out by ISPs.
IP Splicing/Hijacking An action in which an unauthorized user hacks an IP address to use the host’s server.
Key A symbol or sequence of symbols applied to text in order to encrypt or decrypt.
Local Area Network (LAN) A computer network that interconnects computers in a limited area such as a home, school, computer lab, or office building. The positives of LANs verses a Wide Area Network (WAN) is that they can transfer higher amounts of data in a smaller geographic area.
Monitoring Software Products that allow individuals to track what web sites or emails are being visited or viewed by other users. This is an important software to ensure internet safety for children.
Mouse Trapping A commonly used technique by pornography sites where a user gets trapped in a website. A user clicks on a website that opens other undesirable windows with illicit or unsolicited material.
Netiquette Short for “Internet etiquette,” it can be an unspoken or spoken list of guidelines that define courtesy and proper behavior over the internet.
Passive attack At attempt to break into a computer system to learn unauthorized information. Opposed to an “active attack” in which the system is actually altered.
Pharming An online scam in which a user is given a seemingly valid website but is actually a ploy to get the user’s personal information.
Phishing An online scam that uses email to “fish” for a user’s private information by imitating another company. The scammers will make a mock website that appears to be a real company but instead takes your credit card information or any other private information given by interacting with the fake company.
Phreaking The skill of cracking the phone network.
Piracy Illegally downloading copyrighted software, music, or movies.
Plug-in A plug in will allow your computer to access information it couldn’t on its own, such as obtaining media files with a Flash player or QuickTime.
Podcast An audio show that broadcasts over the web music, lectures, book readings, speeches, etc.
Popup A new browser window that appears unrequested on your screen, usually an advertisement.
Post To leave a message on a bulletin board or social networking site.
Profile A personal homepage where users can share their information to others via social media. For example, Facebook and MySpace require users to create a profile.
Protocol A specification of rules that computers and related devices must follow in order to communicate over a shared network.
Proxy Server A firewall that monitors the traffic between servers or users based on rules for filtering or specified protocol.
RDF Site Summary (RSS) A web feed format that allows new content to be viewed immediately.
Search Engine A program that searches information on the Internet by looking for specific keywords and returns a list of information found on that topic. I.e. Google
Search Engine Optimization (SEO) A way of increasing the traffic that goes to a web page by inserting desirable key words.
Sexting The sending or posting of nude or partially nude images. It can also include sending sexually illicit text messages to another person. Be sure to check youth’s texting for such material.
Smart Phone A cell phone that has capabilities similar to computers and are usually managed by applications. Applications are downloading that allow the user to access documents, social media, email, etc.
Snarf To grab a large document or file for the purpose of using it with or without the host’s permission.
Social Networking Site A website specifically focused on the building of social networks for business, personal, political, or any other unspecified reasons.
Software A collection of computer programs and related data that provide instructions for telling a computer what to do and how to do it. Unlike hardware, software cannot be held or used by hands.
Spam Unwanted e-mail from someone you don’t know, usually trying to sell something.
Spimming Using instant messaging to send individuals unsolicited material, usually pornography sites.
Spoofing Pretending to be someone else in order to perform an illegal action.
Spyware A type of malware, or malicious software, which collects information about users without their knowledge. Spyware is also very difficult to detect.
Streaming The exchange of video clips, sound, or other types of media over the Internet. With streaming, the user can view or listen to the file without it downloading completely. Hulu, an online television website, utilizes this technique for displaying videos.
Temporary Internet Files A folder on your computer that will show you every site visited. Be sure to check these files to ensure that children have not visited illicit web pages.
Texting Sending or receiving instant messages via phone, sometimes over the Internet.
Toolbar A row across the top of a screen with icons that when clicked, activate certain functions of the program. I.e. in Microsoft Word the toolbar displays ways to alter font, such as italics, bold, or underline.
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) The primary communications protocol that is used on the Internet.
Virtual Private Network (VPN) A network that primarily uses internet to connect computers to a central network.
Virus A computer program that can destroy files or can make your computer “crash.” Viruses can be sent through email or any other type of file-sharing. Be sure to download anti-virus software and monitor files received in order to prevent system infiltrations.
Web 2.0 The evolution of the Internet which allows users to create their own content and put it on the Web, not just the downloading of content by users. Sites like Facebook and YouTube are examples of Web 2.0.
Webcam Cameras set up with or into computers that can create videos or photos to be shared via the Internet.
Whitelisting A form of filtering that allows only a preapproved list of sites that are considered appropriate for children.
Wide Area Network (WAN) A physical network that provides capabilities for a number of independent devices to communicate with each other over a shared transmission in geographic areas.
World Wide Web (WWW) Interconnected servers and clients using the same “hypertext” (i.e. HTML). This is metaphorically called the “Web”.
Worm A program that replicates from machine to machine across network connections which in turn infects networks and information systems as it spreads.
ACT Abuse Counseling and Treatment Center
AMI Associated Marine Institutes
APPA American Probation and Parole Association
ART Aggression Replacement Training
BBBS Big Brothers Big Sisters
CAC Children’s Advocacy Center
CHS Children’s Home Society
CINS/FINS Children in Need of Services/Families in Need of Services
CTC Model Communities That Care” Model – a community prevention planning model
CYDA Clewiston Youth Development Academy
DCF Department of Children and Families
DJJ Department of Juvenile Justice
DOE Department of Education
DOJ Department of Justice
DOL Department of Labor
DV Domestic Violence
DVD Domestic Violence Diversion
EM Electronic Monitoring
ESOL English for Speakers of Other Languages
EYA Eckerd Youth Alternatives
FTV Family and Teen Violence Program (a domestic violence diversion program)
GAP Girl’s Advocacy Project
IEP Individual Education Plan
ISS Internal School Suspension
JA Juvenile Arbitration
JABG (“jay-bag”) Juvenile Accountability Block Grant
JAC (“jack’) Juvenile Assessment Center
JAM (“jam”) Juvenile Arrest and Monitoring
JDAI (“jay-dye”) Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative
JDP Juvenile Deferred Prosecution
JJC Juvenile Justice Council
JJDP Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
JJDPA Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act
JJIS Juvenile Justice Information System (DJJ)
JPO Juvenile Probation Officer (DJJ)
JSC Juvenile Sanctions Center
JST Juvenile Sanctions Team
LEA Local Education Agency
MAYSI (“may-see”) Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument
NCCD National Council on Crime and Delinquency
NCJFCJ National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
NCLB No Child Left Behind
NIC National Institute of Corrections
NOFA Notice of Funding Availability
NPO Non-Profit Organization
OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
OSS Out of School Suspension
OSY Out of School Youth
PACE Practical, Academic, Cultural Education (program for girls)
PTSD Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
SDFS Safe and Drug Free Schools
SES Socio-Economic Status
SHO (“sho’) Serious Habitual Offender
SHOCAP (“sho-cap”) Serious Habitual Offender Comprehensive Action Program/Plan
SWAT Students Working Against Tobacco
SWOT Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats (an organizational analysis)
T4C Thinking for a Change (a cognitive behavioral intervention)
TRUE Trauma Resolution through Understanding and Education (trauma intervention)
VOP Violation of Probation
YES Youth Empowered Success
+ This denotes everything on the gender and sexuality spectrum that letters and words cannot yet describe
Ally A person who is not LGBTQ but shows support for LGBTQ people and promotes equality in a variety of ways
Androgynous Identifying and/or presenting as neither distinguishably masculine nor feminine
Aromantic Someone who experiences little to no romantic attraction
Asexual Also referred to as “ace”; someone who experiences little to no sexual attraction
Biphobia Prejudice, fear or hatred directed toward bisexual people
Bisexual Someone who is sexually attracted to the same gender or other genders
Closested Describes an LGBTQ person who has not disclosed their sexual orientation or gender identity
Cisgender Someone whose gender they identify with matches the sex they were assigned at birth
Coming Out The process in which a person first acknowledges, accepts and appreciates their sexual orientation or gender identity and begins to share that with others
Gay A person who is emotionally, romantically or sexually attracted to members of the same gender
Gender Dysphoria Clinically significant distress caused when a person’s assigned birth gender is not the same as the one with which they identify
Gender-expansive Conveys a wider, more flexible range of gender identity and/or expression than typically associated with the binary gender system
Gender Expression External appearance of one’s gender identity, usually expressed through behavior, clothing, haircut or voice, and which may or may not conform to socially defined behaviors and characteristics typically associated with being either masculine or feminine
Gender Fluid A term used by someone whose identity fluctuates or shifts.
Gender Identity One’s innermost concept of self as male, female, a blend of both or neither – how individuals perceive themselves and what they call themselves. One’s gender identity can be the same or different from their sex assigned at birth
Gender Neutral Someone who prefers to not be identified by a specific gender, but rather prefers to use “they” a singular pronoun
Gender Nonconforming (GNC) Someone who expresses their gender outside traditional norms that are linked to masculinity or femininity
Gender Transition The process by which some people strive to more closely align their internal knowledge of gender with its outward appearance. Some people socially transition, whereby they might begin dressing, using names and pronouns and/or be socially recognized as another gender. Others undergo physical transitions in which they modify their bodies through medical interventions
Genderqueer Someone whose gender identity is outside the female/male binary. They may express both traditionally masculine and feminine qualities or neither
Homophobia The fear and hatred of or discomfort with people who are attracted to members of the same sex
Intersex A term used for someone who is born with biological sex characteristics that are not associated traditionally with male or female bodies. This term does not refer to sexual orientation or gender identity.
Lesbian A woman who is emotionally, romantically or sexually attracted to other women
LGBTQ An acronym for “lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer”
Living Openly A state in which LGBTQ people are comfortably out about their sexual orientation or gender identity – where and when it feels appropriate to them
MAAB/FAAB/UAAB Male assigned at birth/female assigned at birth/unassigned at birth
Nonbinary Someone who does not identify as male or female and views themselves outside the gender binary
Outing Exposing someone’s lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender identity to others without their permission
Pansexual Someone who is sexually attracted to people of all genders OR someone who is sexually attracted to someone’s qualities rather than the other person’s gender identity
Queer A term people often use to express fluid identities and orientations. Often used interchangeably with “LGBTQ.”
Questioning A term used to describe people who are in the process of exploring their sexual orientation or gender identity
Same-gender Loving A term some prefer to use instead of lesbian, gay or bisexual to express attraction to and love of people of the same gender
Sex Assigned at Birth The sex (male or female) given to a child at birth, most often based on the child’s external anatomy. This is also referred to as “assigned sex at birth.”
Sexual Orientation An inherent or immutable enduring emotional, romantic or sexual attraction to other people
Trans* or Trans+ Two umbrella terms for non-cisgender identities
Transgender Someone whose gender identity or gender expression differs from the sex they were assigned at birth (this is a wide-range term)
Transphobia The fear and hatred of, or discomfort with, transgender people
AA Amino acids The individual components of proteins
ADEK Vitamins A, D, E and K Fat-soluble vitamins sometimes grouped together
AI Adequate Intake Recommendations used when RDA cannot be determined, value based on observed approximations of nutrient intake by groups of healthy people
AND Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (formerly ADA, American Dietetic Association) The largest US organization of food and nutrition professionals
APHIS American and Plant Health Inspection Service The agency of USDA that is responsible for protecting animal health, animal welfare, and plant health
APLU Association of Public and Land-Grant Universities The oldest higher education association of public universities, land-grant institutions, and state university systems.
ARS Agricultural Research Service An agency of the USDA that is responsible for solving the nation’s agricultural problems and increasing scientific knowledge about crop protection.
ASN American Society for Clinical Nutrition A non-profit organization dedicated to extending knowledge of nutrition by bringing together researchers, clinical nutritionists and industry professionals.
ASTPHND Association of State and Territorial Public Health Nutrition Directors A non-profit membership organization that provides leadership on food and nutrition policy, programs, and services at the state and federal level.
BMI Body Mass Index A connection of a system of computers, hardware, or software to an information processing device that does work like communication, computation, or dissemination of information.
Ca Calcium A dietary mineral required for strong teeth and bones, regular blood clotting and muscle and nerve function.
CACFP Child and Adult Care Food Program A federal assistance program provided by USDA to provide a daily subsidized food service for children, the elderly, and mentally or physically impaired adults.
CDP Commodity Distribution Program Requires the Secretary of Agriculture to use the agricultural surplus removal fund to buy commodities for child and elderly nutrition programs.
CFSM Core Food Security Module An assessment to understand the extent of household food insecurity due to inadequate money for food.
CN Congregate Nutrition Services A program under the AoA that provides meals to older Americans in congregate facilities such as senior centers, adult day centers, and faith-based settings.
CSFII Continuing Surveys of Food Intakes by Individuals A continuing survey conducted nationwide in which participants are asked about their food intake for two separate days.
CSFP Commodity Supplemetal Food Program A federally funded program that works to improve the health of low-income pregnant and breastfeeding women and other new mothers.
CSFPI Center for Science in the Public Interest A D.C. based non-profit and consumer advocacy group that fights for safer and more nutritious food.
CSREES Cooperative State Research, Education and Extension Service An agency within the USDA that has a mission to advance agriculture, the environment, and human health by supporting education and research.
DASH Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension An eating plan that advocates to reduce salt intake in order to reduce blood pressure.
DGA Dietary Guidelines For Americans A group of nationally recognized experts in the field of nutrition appointed by the HHS and USDA to make recommendations for the next edition of the nation’s dietary guidelines.
DGAC Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee An interactive forum where individuals can talk in real-time. Many chat rooms are themed by subjects to discuss, but they can also be formed to talk informally, with strangers or with friends.
DRI Dietary Reference Intake The necessary levels of nutrients for dietary consumption.
EAR Estimated Average Requirement The intake of a nutrient that will meet the requirements of fifty percent of all healthy individuals within a population.
EFNEP Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program A program designed to assist populations with limited access to nutritional resources and help these groups gain information about family diet and nutrition.
Energy RDA Energy Recommended Dietary Allowance The average number of calories needed, this number differs by gender and age.
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations A specialized agency of the United Nations that works to eradicate hunger in both developed and developing countries.
FDA Food and Drug Administration An agency of the HHS that is responsible for protecting public health through regulation of food safety, tobacco products, and medications.
Fe Iron A dietary mineral required for the transportation of oxygen throughout the body.
FMI Food Marketing Institute An organization that conducts food safety, public affairs, and educational research for food retailers and wholesalers.
FNB Food and Nutritional Board, Institute of Medicine, The National Academies A board that studies issues of national and global importance on the safety of the US food supply, and helps to determine guidelines for nutrition.
FNIC Food and Nutrition Information Center The center for food and human nutritional information by providing resources for health professionals, educators, government officials and consumers.
FSIS Food Safety and Inspection Service A public health regulatory agency under the USDA responsible for ensuring that the nation’s supply of meat, poultry, and egg products is safe and correctly labeled and packaged.
FSP Food Stamp Program A federal aid program that provides assistance for purchasing food to low and no -income people living in the US.
FTT Failure To Thrive A child who has developed and/or grown slowly or abnormally due to lack of nutrition.
g Gram A metric unit of measure to measure things such as carbohydrates, fats and proteins.
GMA Grocery Manufacturers of America The world’s largest association of food, beverage and consumer product companies.
HDN Home-Delivered Nutrition Services A program established under AoA that provides meals and related nutrition services to seniors who are homebound.
ICNND Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense A committee which provided previously unavailable representative information on food and nutrition situations of military populations in thirty-three developing countries.
IU International Unit A measure of a substance, such as a vitamin or toxin, that produces a specific effect when tested in accordance to internationally accepted biological procedures.
JCAHO Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations A US non-profit that strives to improve public health care by evaluating health care organizations and encouraging them to provide the highest quality of care.
K Potassium A dietary mineral that is required for water balance and muscle function in the body.
kcal Kilocalorie A measure of energy we more commonly refer to as a “calorie”.
mcg Microgram A metric unit to measure certain vitamins and minerals that is equal to one millionth of a gram.
mEq Milliequivalent A measurement that is one thousandth of the equivalent weight certain substance.
mg Milligram A metric unit to measure some vitamins and minerals that is equal to one thousandth of a gram.
Mg Magnesium A dietary mineral required for muscle function and other processes in the body.
MOWAA Meals On Wheels Association of America The largest US organization that provides meal services to people in need, especially senior citizens.
MNT Medical Nutrition Therapy The process of treating chronic illness conditions through personalized nutrition plans.
Na Sodium A vital mineral for the sound functioning of blood pressure and osmotic equilibrium.
NCBA National Cattleman’s Beef Association An advocacy group that works on behalf of beef producers in the US with goals to increase profit opportunities, enhance business climate, and build consumer demand.
NET Nutrition Education and Training Program A program under the Children Nutrition Act that is authorized to make grants to all states for nutritional education programs that targets school children, teachers, parents and food service workers.
NFPC Nationwide Food Consumption Survey Large scale surveys conducted by the USDA from 1977 to 1978 in order to assess eating habits of the nation.
NFPA National Food Processors Association The association that represents the five hundred billion dollar food processing industry on scientific and policy issues involving nutritional and consumer affairs.
NHANES National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey A program that assesses the health of American adults and children which incorporates interviews and physical examinations as part of the studies.
NWA National WIC (Women Infant Children) Association An organization that works on behalf of the WIC program in order to gain bipartisan support in the US Congress and raise awareness about early childhood nutrition.
PNSS Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance System A federally funded program based surveillance system that monitors the nutritional status of low-income women, children, and infants.
RD Registered Dietician Professional experts in food and nutrition that advise people on what to eat in order to maintain a healthy lifestyle.
RDA Recommended Daily Allowance The recommended daily intake level of a nutrient made by the Food and Nutrition board that meets the requirement of 97.5 percent of healthy people.
REE Resting Energy Expenditure The number of calories an individual would burn if (s)he stayed at rest all day.
RISE Responsible Industry for a Sound Environment A lobbying organization that promotes safe use of pesticides to control pests and invasive species that are detrimental to health and environment.
RNI Reference Nutritional Intake Used in the UK, recommendations to meet the nutritional needs to the majority of the population.
SNAP Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Formerly known as the Food Stamp program, provides financial assistance to low-income people for means of purchasing food.
SNE Society for Nutrition Education A non-profit organization that promotes the values and interests of nutrition educators.
TEFAP The Emergency Food Assistance Program A federal program that works to supplement the diets of low-income people, especially seniors by providing them with surplus foods.
UL Tolerable Upper Limit The maximum level of a nutrient intake that is still safe for all individuals.
USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture A federal executive department in charge of US policy concerning farming, agriculture, forestry, and food.
WIC Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children A federal assistance program that is responsible for the healthcare of low-income pregnant women, breastfeeding women, and children under the age of five.
AAHE American Association for Health Education
AGO America’s Great Outdoors (initiative)
COE Council for Outdoor Education
COLA Covered Outdoor Learning Area
COOL The Council of Outdoor Learning
COPEC Council for Physical Education for Children
CYP Child and Youth Programs
CSPAP Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program
NATA National Athletic Training Association
NOLA The National Outdoor Learning Award
PE Physical Education
STEM Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math
5 A’s The “5 A’s” are designed to be used with the tobacco user who is willing to quit. Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, and Arrange
ACS American Cancer Society
AHA American Heart Association
ANRF American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation
ATOD Alcohol, Tobacco & Other Drugs
AWARE Alcohol, Wellness Alternatives, Research and Education (UW program)
BAC Blood alcohol concentration Also referred to as blood alcohol content or blood alcohol level (BAL)
BRFSS Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
CADCA Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of America. A national organization that supports community coalitions.
CFTFK or TFK Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids
DAC Data Analysis Committee of the Strategic Prevention Framework (SPF) State Incentive Grant (SIG). The DAC will conduct a statewide needs and resource assessment in order to establish com¬munities of greatest need.
DARE Drug Abuse Resistance Education Prevention curriculum delivered in schools by police officers.
DFS Drug Free Schools
DUI Driving Under The Influence
DWI Driving While Intoxicated
EUDL Enforcing Underage Drinking Laws
MIP Minor In Possession
NCADI National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information Part of the federal Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration
NCTOH National Conference on Tobacco or Health
NIDA National Institute on Drug Abuse
NOMs National Outcome Measures is the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention’s (CSAP) assessment of services provided to a defined population.
NREPP National Registry of Effective Prevention Programs Maintained by the federal Center for Substance Abuse Prevention
OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Part of the Office of Justice Programs within the U.S. Department of Justice
OTC Over The Counter (Drugs)
PNA Prevention Needs Assessment
RX Prescription
SA Substance Abuse
SAMHSA Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration Agency within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
SAPT Substance Abuse Prevention & Treatment
SBIRT Screening & Brief Intervention for Risky Substance Use
SPF The Strategic Prevention Framework is the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention’s five-step process designed to increase the effectiveness of substance abuse prevention on both the state and local level through collaborative interagency planning
SPF-SIG Strategic Prevention Framework – State Incentive Grant
SSES Synar Survey Estimation System
SRO Student Resource Officer
Synar Not an acronym. The Synar Amendment, named for the late Congressman Mike Synar, is a federal law requiring states to restrict and reduce youth access to tobacco products or risk losing block grant funding for alcohol and drug programs.
TA Technical Assistance
TAP Tobacco Awareness Program – a voluntary youth cessation program created by Community Intervention
TATU Teens Against Tobacco Use Peer-led program to teach young people about tobacco use and to become advocates for tobacco-free communities. Sponsored by the American Lung Association
TEG Tobacco Education Group Curriculum often used with students who have violated policies on tobacco use, created by Community Intervention
TFSE Tobacco Free Schools of Excellence
USDHHS United States Department of Health and Human Services
WIC Women, Infants and Children (special supplemental food program)
WNTD World No Tobacco Day
YRBS Youth Risk Behavior Survey consists of national, state, and local school-based surveys of ninth- through 12th-graders to measure priority health risk behaviors
ARIMA Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average
BATFE Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives
CIS Communities in Schools
CRI Community Resource Inventory
DEA Drug Enforcement Agency
DOC Department of Corrections
DOJ U.S. Department of Justice
FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation
FIS Families in Schools
GREAT Gang Reduction Education and Training
GRP Gang Reduction Program
HIDTA High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area
ICE Immigration and Customs Enforcement
NIBRS National Incident-Based Reporting System
NNO National Night Out
NYGC National Youth Gang Center
NYGS National Youth Gang Survey
PSN Project Safe Neighborhoods
SRO School Resource Officer
SVORI Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative
TANF Temporary Assistance for Needy Families
UCRS Uniform Crime Reporting System
UI Urban Institute
VRS Violence Reduction Strategy
CS Coming Soon!
CalPERS California Public Employees’ Retirement System
CalSTRS California State Teachers’ Retirement System
CalWORKS California Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids
COLA Cost-of-living Adjustment
CPI Consumer Price Index
CSR Class Size Reduction
EIA Economic Impact Aid
ESEA Elementary and Secondary Education Act
FCMAT Fiscal Crisis and Management Assistance Team
F/RPM Free/Reduced-price Meals
GATE Gifted and Talented Education
G.O. Bond General Obligation Bond
HPSGP High Priority Schools Grant Program
IDEA Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
IEP Individualized Education Program
II/USP Immediate Intervention/Underperforming Schools Program
IMFRP Instructional Materials Funding Realignment Program
JPA Joint Powers Agreement
K-12 Kindergarten through 12th Grade
K-14 Kindergarten through Community College
K-16 Kindergarten through Undergraduate University
LEP Limited English Proficient
MPSE Master Plan for Special Education
MTYRE Multitrack, Year-round Education
OPSC Office of Public School Construction
OTL Opportunity to Learn
PERB Public Employment Relations Board
PERS Public Employees’ Retirement System
PL Public Law (federal)
PSAA Public Schools Accountability Act
ROC/ROP Regional Occupational Center/Program
SAB State Allocation Board
SACS Standardized Account Code Structure
SARC School Accountability Report Card
SEA State Education Agency
SELPA Special Education Local Plan Area
SFID School Facility Improvement District
SIP School Improvement Program
STRS State Teachers’ Retirement System
ABA Applied Behavior Analysis
ADD Attention Deficit Disorder
ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
ADL Activities of Daily Living
AE Age Equivalent
AHEAD Association on Higher Education and Disabilities
APE Adaptive Physical Education
APTD Aid to the Permanently and Totally Disabled
AS Asperger’s Syndrome or Autism Spectrum
ASD Autism Spectrum Disorders
ASL American Sign Language
BASC Behavior Intervention Plan
BIP Behavior Intervention Plan
CA Chronological Age
CAP Client Assistance Program
CAPD Central Auditory Processing Disorder
CEC Council for Exceptional Children
CHADD Children with Attention Deficit Disorders
CHINS Children in Need of Services
CODA Children of Deaf Adults
COTA Certified Occupational Therapy Assistant
CP Cerebral Palsy
CSE Committee on Special Education
CTBS California Test of Basic Skills
CTONI Comprehensive Test of Nonverbal Intelligence
CTOPP Comprehensive Test of Phonological Processing
DCD Developmental Coordination Disorder
DD Developmental Delay
DD Developmental Disability
DSM Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
DSS Disability and Support Services
EBD Emotional Behavior Disability
EH Emotionally Handicapped
EI Early Intervention
ESEA Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965
ESY Extended School Year
EVT Expressive Vocabulary Test
FAS Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
FBA Functional Behavior Assessment
fMRI Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
FV Family Violence
GAL Guardian ad Litem
GE Grade Equivalent
GLE Grade Level Expectations
HI Hearing Impaired
HOH Hard of Hearing
IDA International Dyslexia Association
IEP Individualized Education Plan
ITP Individual Transition Plan
KABC Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children
KTEA Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement
LD Learning Disability
LDA Learning Disability Association
MA Mental Age
MAT/CMAT Comprehensive Mathematics Abilities Test
MBD Minimal Brain Dysfunction
MD Multiple Disabilities
MD Muscular Dystrophy
MICE Multi-Sensory Intervention through Consultation and Education
MR Mental Retardation
NAEP National Assessment of Educational Performance
NAMI National Alliance for Mentally Ill
NCLD National Center for Learning Disability
NIH National Institute for Health
NILD National Institute for Learning Development
NIMH National Institute for Mental Health
NORD National Organization for Rare Disorders
NOS Not Otherwise Specified
NPND National Parent Network on Disabilities
NVLD (or NLD) Non-Verbal Learning Disability
OCD Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
ODD Oppositional Defiance Disorder
OHI Other Health Impaired
OI Orthopedic Impairment
OPWDD Office for People with Developmental Disabilities
OT Occupational Therapy; Occupational Therapists
PASS Plan for Achieving Self-Sufficiency
PDD Pervasive Developmental Disorder
PDD/NOS Pervasive Developmental Disorder/ Not Otherwise Specified
PPVT Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test
PSAT Preliminary Scholastic Aptitude Test
PT Physical Therapist
PTSD Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
RAD Reactive Attachment Disorder
RFBD Recording for the Blind and Dyslexic
RSP Resource Specialist Program
SAIF Specialist in the Assessment of Intellectual Functioning
SAT Scholastic Aptitude Test
SED State Education Department; Severely Emotionally Disturbed
SES Supplemental Educational Services
SI Sensory Integration
SLD Specific Learning Disability
SLP Speech and Language Pathologist
TBI Traumatic Brain Injury
TESOL Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages
TOWL-3 Test of Written Language, 3rd edition
TOWRE Test of Word Reading Efficiency
TTD Tele-Typewriting Device
VA Volunteer Advocate
W-J-III Woodcock-Johnson Test, 3rd edition
WAIS Weschler Adult Intelligence Scale
WIAT Weschler Individual Achievement Test
WISC-IV Weschler Intelligence Scale for Children, 4th edition
YDC Youth Development Center
YSDC Youth Services Detention Center

Warning: The content below may contain offensive language.

7/11 Slang term for a brief, fast act of intercourse.
8 Oral Sex
69 A sexual position for oral sex that involves both partners giving and receiving oral sex simultaneously. Usually involves lying side-to-side or on top of each other head-to-toe.
143 I love you
182 I hate you
420 Marijuana
*G* Giggle or grin
*H* Hug
*K* Kiss
*S* Smile
*T* Tickle
*W* Wink
/myB Kick my Butt
? Huh?
?4U Question for you
=w= Whatever
>U Screw you!
2MFM Too much for me
2nite Tonight
2U2 To you too
420 Marijuana
4COL For crying out loud
4ever or 4eva For ever
4SALE For Sale
4U For you
53x Sex
AAMOF As a matter of fact
ABT About
ADN Any day now
ADR Address
AF As ****
AFAIC As far as I’m concerned
AFAICS As far as I can see
AFAICT As far as I can tell
AFAIK As far as I know
AFC Away from controller
AFK Away from keyboard
AIUI As I understand it
AKA Also known as
ALAP As late as possible
AML All my love
ANFAWFOS And Now For A Word From Our Sponsor
ASAP As soon as possible
ASL Age/sex/location
ASLP Age/sex/location/picture
ATM At this moment
AWA As well as
AWHFY Are we having fun yet?
AWOL Absent without leave
AYOR At your own risk
B& Banned
B4 Before
B4N Bye for now
BAF Bored as f***
BB Short term for baby
BBIABN Be back in a bit
BBIAF Be back in a few
BBL Be back later
BBR Broken beyond repair
BBS Babes
BC Because
BCnU Be seeing you
BF Best friend
BF Boyfriend
BFF Best friend forever
BFN Bye for now
BG Big grin
BIH Burn in Hell
BION Believe it or Not
BITMT But in the meantime
BKA Better known as
BL Belly laughing
BM Bite me
BMB Bite my bum/butt
BOB Back off b***ard
BOM B**** of mine
BOT Back on topic
BRB Be right back
BRBB Be right back *****
BRH Be right here
BRS Big red switch
BRT Be right there
BS Bull s***
BSF But seriously folks
BST But seriously though
BTA But then again
BTAIM Be that as it may
BTDT Been there done that
BTOBD Be there or be dead
BTOBS Be there or be square
BTSOOM Beats the s*** out of me
BTW By the way
BWTHDIK But what the heck do I know
BYOB Bring your own bottle
C&G Chuckle and grin
CDIWY Couldn’t do it without you
CFS Care for secret?
CFV Call for votes
CFY Calling for you
CID Crying in disgrace
CLM Career limiting move
CMIIW Correct me if I’m wrong
CNP Cut and Paste
CRAFT Can’t remember a f***king thing
CRS Can’t remember s***
CTS Changing the subject
CU See you
CU2 See you too
CUL See you later
CUL8R See you later
CWOT Complete waste of time
CWYL Chat with you later
CYA See ya
CYA Cover your ass
CYAL8R See ya later
CYO See you online
DBA Doing business as
DCed Disconnected
DGAF Don’t give a f****
DIIK Darn if I know
DIKU Do I know you?
DILF Dad I’d like to f***
DIRTFT Do it right the first time
DITYID Did I tell you I’m distressed?
DIY Do it yourself
DL Down low
DLTBBB Don’t let the bed bugs bite
DM Direct Message
DMMGH Don’t make me get hostile
DND Do not disturb
DQMOT Don’t quote me on this
DTF Down to f***
DTR Determine the Relationship
DTRT Do the right thing
DUM Do you masturbate?
DUSL Do you scream loud?
DWAI Don’t worry about it
DWIM Do what I mean
DWIMC Do what I mean, correctly
DWISNWID Do what I say, not what I do
DYJHIW Don’t you just hate it when…?
DYK Do you know?
E Ecstasy
EAK Eating at keyboard
ED Emotionally Disturbed
EIE Enough is enough
EMFBI Excuse me for butting in
EMFJI Excuse me for jumping in
EMSG Email message
EOD End of discussion
EOF End of file
EOL End of lecture
EOM End of message
EOS End of story
EOT End of thread
ES Enough Said
ETLA Extended three letter acronym
F/F Face to face
F2F Face to face
F2T Free to talk
FAQ Frequently asked questions
FAWC For anyone who cares
FB F*** buddy
FBOW For better or worse
FBTW Fine, be that way
FCFS First come, first served
FCOL For crying out loud
FFS For f***s sake
FIFO First in, first out
FLA Four-letter acronym
FLAME An insult
FMLTWIA F*** me like the whore I am
FOAD F*** off and die
FOAF Friend of a friend
FOB F*** off b****
FOBO Fear of Better Options
FOC Free of charge
FOCL Falling off chair laughing
FOFL Falling on the floor laughing
FOL Fond of leather
FOMO Fear of Missing Out
FOS Freedom of speech
FOTCL Falling of the chair laughing
FR For Real
FTF Face to face
FTTT From time to time
FU F***ed up
FUBAR F***ed up beyond all recognition
FUDFUCT Fear, uncertainty and doubt
FW F*** with
FWIW For what it’s worth
FYA For your amusement
FYE For your entertainment
FYEO For your eyes only
FYI For your information
G Gangster
G2G Got to go
G2K Good to know
GAC Get a Clue
GAFM Get Away From Me
GF Girlfriend
GN Goodnight
GOAT Greatest of All Time
GPB Gotta pee bad
GPWM Good point well made
GRL Girl
GRRL Girl
GRT Great
GRTG Getting ready to go
GTFA Go the **** away
GTFO Get the **** out
GTFOOH Get the **** out of here
GTG Got to go
GTGP Got to go pee
GTH Go to hell
GTHA Go the hell away
GTK Good to know
GTOTB Got to go to bed
GTTU Good talking to you
GYPO Get your pants off
H Hug
H&K Hug and kiss
H/O Hold on
H/T Hat tip
H8 Hate (H1 – H9 indicating levels of hate)
HAG1 Have a good one
HAGD Have a good day
HAGN Have a good night
HAGS Have a good summer
HAHA Having a heart attack
HAK Hugs and kisses
HB Happy birthday
HB Hurry back
HBU How about you?
HDYDT How do you do that?
HF Have fun
HH Holding hands
HHJK Ha ha, just kidding
HHOJ Ha ha, only joking
HHOK Ha ha, only kidding
HHOS Ha ha, only seriously
HIH Hope it helps
HIWTH Hate it when that happens
HOMAGO Hanging out, messing around, and geeking out
HW Homework
HOAS Hold on a second
HSIK How should I know?
HTH Hope this helps
IAC In any case
IAE In any event
IAG It’s all good
IC I see
ICOCBW I could of course be wrong
ICYMI In Case You Missed It
IDC I don’t care
IDGARA I don’t give a rat’s ***
IDGI I don’t get it
IDGW In a good way
IDI I doubt it
IDK I don’t know
IDTT I’ll drink to that
IF/IB In front or in back?
IFVB I feel very bad
IGP I gotta pee
IGTP I get the point
IHTFP I hate this ******* place
IHTFP I have truly found paradise
IHU I hate you
IHY I hate you
II I’m impressed
IIR If I recall
IIRC If I recall correctly
IIT Is it tight?
IIT I’m impressed too
IJWTK I just want to know
IJWTS I just want to say
IK I know
IKWUM I know what you mean
ILBCNU I’ll be seeing you
ILU I love you
ILY I love you
ILYFAE I love you forever and ever
IMAO In my arrogant opinion
IMBO In my bloody opinion
IMCO In my considered opinion
IME In my experience
IMFAO In my f****** arrogant opinion
IMHO In my humble opinion
IMNSHO In my not so humble opinion
IMO In my opinion
IMOBO In my own biased opinion
IMPOV In my point of view
INPO In no particular order
IOIT I’m on Irish Time
IOW In other words
IRL In real life
IS I’m sorry
ISTM It seems to me
ISTR I seem to recall
ISWYM I see what you mean
ITRO In the reality of
ITRW In the real world
ITSFWI If the shoe fits, wear it
IVL In virtual live
IWALY I will always love you
IWBNI It would be nice if
IYKWIM If you know what I mean
IYSWIM If you see what I mean
JK Just kidding
JO Jerking off
JP Just playing
JAM Just a minute
JAS  Just a second
JASE Just another system error
JIC Just in case
JJWY Just joking with you
JK Just kidding
JMHO Just my humble opinion
JMO Just my opinion
JOMO Joy of Missing Out
JP Just playing
JSYK Just So You Know
JTLYK Just to let you know
JW Just wondering
K OK
K Kiss
KB Kiss back
KFY Kiss for you
KHYF Know how you feel
KIS(S) Keep it simple (stupid)
KISS Keep it simple sister
KIT Keep in touch
KMA Kiss my ***
KMB Kiss my butt
KMSMA Kiss my shiny metal ***
KOTC Kiss on the cheek
KOTL Kiss on the lips
KPC Keeping parents clueless
KUTGW Keep up the good work
KWIM Know what I mean?
L2P Learn to play
L2R Learn to read
L33T Elite
L4m3rz Lamers
L8 Later
L84skool Late for school
L8 Late
L8R Later
Laff Laugh
LAK Love and Kisses
LALOL Lots and lots of laughs
LAM Leave a message
LAMF Like a mother******
LAT Laugh at that
LATN Laugh at the newbs
LATWTTB Laughing all the way to the bank
LAU Laugh at you
LBR Little boy’s room
LD Long distance
Lemme Let me
Lesbo Lesbian
LMAO Laughing my *** off
LMIRL Let’s meet in real life
LMK Let me know
LOL Laugh out loud
LOML Love of my life
M8 Mate
MB Maybe
MILF Mom I’d like to ****
MOS Mom over shoulder
MOSS Member of the same sex
MPFB My personal **** buddy
MWBRL More Will Be Revealed Later
MYOB Mind your own business
N In
N/C Not cool
N/S No ****
N2M Not too much
NALOPKT Not a lot of people know that
N-A-Y-L In a while
NAZ Name/address/zip
NCMO Non-committal makeout
NE1 Anyone
NETUA Nobody ever tells us anything
NFI No ******* idea
NGL Not gonna lie
NL Not likely
NM Never mind
NM Never mind / nothing much
NMH Not much here
NMJC Nothing much, just chillin’
NMU Not much, you?
NOM No offense meant
NOTTOMH Not of the top of my mind
NOYB None of your business
NOYFB None of your ******* business
NP No problem
NSFW Not Safe for Work
NVM Never mind
OBTW Oh, by the way
OF On fire
OFIS On floor with stitches
OIC Oh, I see
OK Abbreviation of okay
OL Old lady (wife, girlfriend)
OLL Online love
OM Old man (husband, boyfriend)
OMW On my way
OMFG Oh my ******* God!
OMG Oh my god / gosh / goodness
OOC Out of character
OSIF Oh **** I forgot
OT Off topic / other topic
OTOH On the other hand
OTP On the phone
OTP Stands for One True Pairing.  An acronym used to describe a couple that is meant to be
OTTOMH Off the top of my head
P911 Parent alert
PAL Parents are listening
PAW Parents are watching
PDOMA Pulled directly out of my ass
PIR Parent in room
PLZ Please
PM Private Message
PMFJI Pardon me for jumping in
PMJI Pardon my jumping in
PMP Peed my pants
POAHF Put on a happy face
POS Parent over shoulder
POTB Pats on the back
POTS Parents over the shoulder
PPL People
PSA Public show of affection
Q4U Question for you
QSL Reply
QSO Conversation
QT Cutie
RIHAD Rot in hell and die
RN Right now
ROFL Rolling on floor laughing
ROFLAPMP Rolling on floor laughing and peeing my pants
ROFLMAO Rolling on floor laughing my a** off
ROFLOLAY Rolling on floor laughing out loud at you
ROFLOLTSDMC Rolling on floor laughing out loud tears streaming down my cheeks
ROFLOLUTS Rolling on floor laughing out loud unable to speak
ROFLOLWTIME Rolling on floor laughing out loud with tears in my eyes
ROTFL Rolling on the floor laughing
RT Retweet
RTF Read the FAQ
RTM Read the manual
RTSM Read the stupid manual
RU. . . Are you. . . .?
RUTTM Are you talking to me?
RUUP4IT Are you up for it?
RVD Really very dumb
SU Shut up
S2R Send to receive (pictures)
SAMAGAL Stop annoying me and get a life
SCNR Sorry, could not resist
SETE Smiling ear to ear
SH So hot
SH Same here
SHICPMP So happy I could pee my pants
SHID Slaps head in disgust
SHMILY See how much I love you
SIM S***, it’s Monday
SITD Still in the dark
SITWB Sorry, in the wrong box
SMH Shaking my head
SNAFU Situation normal, all f***ed up
SO Significant other
SOHF Sense of humor failure
SOMY Sick of me yet?
SPAM Stupid persons advertisement
SRY Sorry
SSDD Same s*** different day
STBY STBY
STFU Shut the **** up
STW Search the web
SWAK Sealed with a kiss
SWALK Sweet, with all love, kisses
SWDYT So what do you think?
SWL Screaming with laughter
SYS See you soon
TA Thanks again
TAW Teachers are watching
TBH To Be Honest
TBT Throwback Thursday
TCO Taken care of
TDTM Talk dirty to me
TFW The freakin’/f***in’ way
TGIF Thank god, it’s Friday
THTH Too hot to handle
THX Thanks
TIA Thanks in advance
TIIC The idiots in charge
TIL Today I Learned
TJM That’s just me
TMA Take my advice
TMI Too much information
TMS Too much showing
TNSTAAFL There’s no such thing as a free lunch
TNX Thanks
TOH To other half
TOM Tomorrow
TOY Thinking of you
TPTB The powers that be
TS Tough s***
TSDMC Tears streaming down my cheeks
TT2T Too tired to talk
TTFN Ta ta for now
TTT Thought that, too
TTUL Talk to you later
TTYIAM Talk to you in a minute
TTYL Talk to you later
TTYLMF Talk to you later my friend
TU Turn Up
TWMA Till we meet again
TX Thanks
TY Thank you
TYVM Thank you very much
U IZAH You is a hoe
U2 You too
UAPITA You’re a pain in the a**
UR Your
UR? You are… ?
URAQT! You are a cutie!
UW You’re welcome
VBG Very big grin
VBS Very big smile
W/E Whatever
W8 Wait
W8AM Wait a minute
WAY Who are you?
WB Welcome back
WBS Write back soon
WDHLM Why doesn’t he love me?
WBU What about you
WDYWTD What do you want to do?
WDYWTTA What do you want to talk about?
WE Whatever
WFM Works for me
WP Wrong person
WRT With respect to
WTF What the f***
WTF Who the f***
WTG Way to go
WTGP Want to go private?
WTH What the heck
WTMI Way too much information
WU What’s up?
WUD What’s up dog?
WUF Where are you from?
WUWT What’s up with that?
Y Why
Y2K You’re too kind
YATB You are the best
YBS You’ll be sorry
YG Young gentleman
YL Young lady
YL You’ll live
YM You mean
YM Young man
YMMD You’ve made my day
YMMV Your mileage may vary
YOLO You Only Live Once
YOYO You’re on your own
YVW You’re very welcome
YW You’re welcome
YWIA You’re welcome in advance
YWTHM You want to hug me
YWTKM You want to kiss me
YWTLM You want to love me
ZZZ Sleeping, bored, or tired